Simplified Fuzzy Logic Expert System for Prototype Vertical Farm Environment Control

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In a regular classroom activity, Professor Despommier asked his students in an attempt to feed the entire population of Manhattan by just farming within Manhattan itself back in 1999. When the usage of rooftop gardening failed to feed the entire population, the idea of ‘Vertical Farming’ was coined and was improvised and made into a concept until today. Vertical farm is a concept of constructing a skyscraper specifically for agricultural purposes with a closed-controlled environment where the building itself is a separate ecosystem just for farming and is detached from the outside ecosystem entirely (Despommier, 2010). Retro-fitting existing building with farming capabilities is not a vertical farm concept. Despite that, vertical farming still adopts from modern farming techniques such as hydroponic, aeroponic and aquaculture with an exception that the entire building structure is tailored for such purpose. The purpose of a vertical farm is to end the vicious process external sourcing for a city to thrive. The very reason for large scale farming operations all around the world is too be able to feed these jam-packed places full with human beings (Despommier, 2009). Although farming has brought humans to where they are now, things are already falling apart as we speak. A city such as Kuala Lumpur which house population of 1.6million as of 2012 (World Capital Institute, 2013) would need to consumed over 900 million kg worth of food per year (Statistic Brain, 2013) where 60% of it comprises of carbohydrate (Malaysia Ministry of Health, 2013). Using conventional farming methods, only 20% in average of the optimal production yield rice can be achieved which is roughly 2343 kg of rice per 1 hectare of land depending on the species of th... ... middle of paper ... ...Adenaeuer L., 2014). Traditionally one would need two 1.5MW turbines functioning at capacity factor of 22.5% (National Wind Watch, 2014) to power up the simulated vertical farm. Given the similar scenario, one INVOLEX of 1.0MW turbine at 63% capacity factor (22.5% X 280%), can generate almost equivalent amount of electricity as the two traditional wind turbines. In terms of solar energy, the concentrated solar power technology seems very promising in its future prospect in electricity generation (Center For American Progress, 2013). At any rate, the power transmission lost due to transportation of electricity was not taken into account in this calculation. Nevertheless, the important point here is to highlight, significance improvement in the energy sector is progressing much faster than anticipated which is increasing the environmental feasibility of vertical farm.
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