This change, however, was not as much political or technological but religious. During this time, the introduction of ideas and theories, starting with the renown Galileo and Isaac Newton, spread a wave of enlightenment across Europe as people began to question the teachings and the overall infidelity of the church. Beginning in the seventeenth century Europeans began seeing a shift from the med-evil teachings of the church to a more enlightened scientific world. Although the Catholics were still against science and political democracy, a wave of new Protestants were very progressive. With the Catholic Church becoming aware that it was loosing some of its following to science, it tried desperate measures such as the inquisition where they questioned and tried to get rid of people not committed and devout to the church.
He went as far as visiting Rome to plead for the leaders to grant people an opportunity to change their views. Instead the Roman authorities acknowledged the Copernicus writings as heresy. Galileo and Copernicus were both accurate with their theories, and the universal belief that the Earth is the center of the universe will never be the same again. They revolutionized the beliefs of many people. It was difficult for society to grasp as they have only been taught that the Earth is the center and man cannot question it.
He would have asked penetrating questions and obviously the religious answers he got did not satisfy his inquiring mind. However, if the Bible was inspired by the same person who created the universe, it should be able to answer this query to some satisfaction. But what if what we always thought we knew about the Bible was nothing like it really is? And though Christianity and the Bible have always been portrayed synonymously, what would happen if we discovered they are not the same??? Although depicted mostly as a 'religious' book, the Bible is really more a book of 'science'.
Galilei wrote a letter to Dowager Grand Duchess trying to reconcile his astronomical observations with the Bible. Isaac Newton, (1642-1727) was an English scientist and statesman. Although his views were thought to contradict the bible he was the only man of these three which proved his views to be true. He discovered gravity and the laws of motion. He stated that, 'every particle in the universe is attracted to every other particle by a force that is directly related to the product of their masses and inversely related to the squares of the distance between them.
It was common practice for people to not have read the bible due to illiteracy. The letter itself is very important to establish a different viewpoint of the importance of astronomy with regards to religion. His support of Copernican explanations of motion of the Earth would create controversy because it went against the Churches official view of the rules of motion by taking a literal meaning of the words of scripture. Galileo’s purpose is to defend Nicolaus Copernicus’s theory of motion. Copernicus’s theory, which was further investigated by Galileo, was that the Sun was the centre of the universe and the Earth orbited the sun .
The church had a stronghold on the way the spiritual and physical world worked, so these discoveries only added to the Church’s resistance to their aims. Their discoveries came only after Kepler and Galileo began to question ancient theories about how the world functioned. These ancient truths were widely held but were inconsistent with the new observations that they had made. Kepler had discovered the laws of planetary motion which suggested that the planet would move in elliptical orbits, while Galileo followed with his discovery of the principle of inertia. Galileo concluded his finding b... ... middle of paper ... ...teenth century intellects claimed that morality was independent of religion, and that religious authority had no say in the moral dictates of an individual.
Nicholas Copernicus was the first to question the universal truths and teachings of the church. He devised a theory that the earth along with the other planets revolved around the sun. This theory disagreed with Aristotle and the old teachings that the universe revolved around the earth, and that man was the center of the universe. To follow Copernicus’ theory was Giordano Bruno. He went beyond Copernicus to suggest that space was limitless, and that the sun and its planets may not be the only systems of its kind.
In _____date_______, Galileo wrote a letter to the church addressing the church for throwing out evidence that the solar system is heliocentric. They did this because it contradicts the bible. He then counters with the fact that the bible often uses metaphors and symbolism to convey its message; therefore, it should not always be taken so literally. Then he goes on to explain that based on this, we should not use the bible to find scientific fact, but we should experiment and base our knowledge on that which we find through the senses. He stresses, however, the importance that the bible still has, and says that the bible should be appreciated for its messages rather than its statements.
Galileo Galilei was an outstanding figure in the Renaissance. Through his work as an astronomer, Galileo was able to prove Copernicus’ theory of the existence of the heliocentric model. The heliocentric model is the depiction of the earth rotating around the sun, rather than the geocentric model that depicts the sun revolving around the earth. Galileo’s observations were subject to harsh criticism by the Roman Catholic Church because it was thought that Galileo was contesting the infallible truths of the Bible. In his Letter to Grand Duchess Christina, Galileo defends his research by making the argument that his research is not opposed to the message that is prescribed by the Bible.
The only real change that they actually made was indulgences were no longer for sale but were given. The renaissance and the reformation were two of the most significant changes in history that has shaped our world today. If you examined both the renaissance and the reformation there were many differences and similarities from both. One of the main contrasts was that the reformation was all about the way to reform the church, and the renaissance had a much more secular view. Some of the similarities were that they both were about accepting new ideas whether artistic or religious, and they both had leaders who were corrupt.