Similarities Between The Renaissance And Scientific Revolution

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This matter of tolerance carried into Western Europe after some time, where the Renaissance and Scientific Revolution, which took place towards the closure of the Renaissance, were occuring. The Renaissance, meaning “rebirth,” was called as such since the people at that time looked back to Greco-Roman culture in art, culture, and many other factors. Due to there being a central government instead of a centralized one, the social standing of the middle class increased as individual ability was deemed exceedingly important, and a sort of splintered unity was maintained over the people through Christianity (HST 318 Lecture: The Renaissance). One of the reasons for the fractured mindset was because individuals, similar to the Greeks, were starting…show more content…
Ancient Greek philosophies were also used in this era, and the scientific method and an empirical observation of the natural world were key concepts. Mathematics was more factual than ever, and knowledge was systemized to the greatest extent there ever had been (HST 318 Lecture: The Scientific Revolution). Practical experience was regarded tremendously, and Humanism, a system which focused on the nature of the human, rather than on that of a deity or ruler, came into effect. Humankind was united to find its relation to nature (HST 318 Lecture: The Scientific Revolution). Also, the Gutenberg press, the precursor to modern-day printers, was invented. The main problem that stood in the way of questioning and furthering practical knowledge was the restrictions placed by the religious bodies of the time. The greatest force which challenged the blockade on free inquiry was the Protestant Reformation, when the Protestants split apart from the Catholics. However, in doing so, this conversely restricted free inquiry, since the Church felt attacked. Needless to say, in the long run this controversy paid off by granting more freedom all around, but during the Scientific Revolution itself, it raised bitterness (HST 318 Lecture: The Scientific Revolution). An example of the unwillingness of the Church of the time to accept change was in the case of the rotation of the…show more content…
The main assumption was that the universe operated geocentrically, that is, the planets and sun revolved around the Earth. The Church believed that since according to the Bible, God created man as “ruler” of the world, the Earth had to be the center of the universe (The History Channel: Galileo’s Battle for the Heavens). Besides, to the naked eye, the Earth did not seem to be rotating. Since the majority at that time heavily leaned towards empirical evidence, the flow of logic in regards to the rotation of the Earth seemed reasonable to them. However, it was curious and somewhat ironic how influential the Bible was in promulgating certain beliefs, since the book itself seemed contrary to empirical evidence in that it was thought to be divinely inspired. In his letter to the Duchess Christina, Galileo Galilei (1564-1642 C.E.) pointed out that it was in itself rather abstract and open to multiple interpretations (The History Channel: Galileo’s Battle for the Heavens). Galileo was the greatest promulgator of Copernicus, the first man to propose a heliocentric universe. There were a few flaws with Copernicus’ universe involving orbits, and Galileo was able to remedy these and formulate the proper order and system of the universe. However, the Church firmly believed in the geocentric universe, and even went so far as to accuse Galileo of heresy and make him renounce Copernicanism. Despite this,
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