Similarities Between Islam And Christianity

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Islam and Christianity are two major world religions, which have several significant differences, however, there are also many key similarities which allow the two religions to meet on common ground and develop interfaith cooperation. These similarities are in the doctrines and rituals, and their important roles in the settlement of Australia. Catholicism and Islam are also facing many current issues today. These include stereotyping, living between two worlds and a decline in followers. A better understanding of Islam will make it easier to move beyond the stereotypes, helping Australia to become a more culturally diverse society. Catholicism and Islam can be compared and contrasted through Smart’s Doctrinal and Ritual Dimensions, the history of the faith traditions in Australia and major issues these religions are facing today. Smart’s Doctrinal Dimension can be used to highlight the similarities and differences between the doctrines of Islam and Catholicism to assist in developing unity and religious tolerance between the two faith traditions. Many Muslims find it difficult to “live in two worlds…torn between two cultures” because of the misunderstanding of Islam’s doctrine resulting in discrimination, prejudice and racism towards Muslims (Nadia and Jamal, 2005). Islam’s key source of doctrine is its Holy book, the Koran. Ahl (2011) asserts that the Koran is believed to be “the final revelation of God to all of mankind given through the archangel Gabriel to Muhammad over a 23 year period.” Muslims believe that Muhammad is the final prophet and messenger from God. The key source of doctrine for Catholicism is the Holy Bible, which Ahl (2011) notes Catholics believe is “the inspired and inerrant word of God.” Both the religio... ... middle of paper ... in more respect for and less prejudice and discrimination towards Muslims in Australia. In conclusion, Catholicism and Islam can be compared and contrasted in terms of Smart’s Doctrinal and Ritual Dimensions, their histories in Australia and the major issues they are experiencing today. Though there are numerous differences in the doctrines, rituals, history in Australia and current issues of these two major world religions, there are many similarities and acknowledging them will allow both religions to meet on common ground and develop more interfaith dialogue and cross-cultural awareness. Comparing and contrasting the two religions results in an understanding of the Doctrinal and Ritual similarities which will help to counteract the misconceptions and stereotypes surrounding both faith traditions, enabling Catholics and Muslims to live in harmony in Australia.
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