Similarities Between Functionalism And Durkheim

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In contrast, functionalist perspective generally looks at society in positive way, in terms of how it is maintained for its stability because it can recognize “dysfunction”. Social functionalists such as David Emile Durkheim emphasized on positive aspects of the higher education such as the learning of skills and attitudes that we apply late on in professional world. Durkheim believed that there is a collective conscience in society “mechanical solidarity.” He believed that everything was as beneficial what he called organic solidarity. Durkheim‘s point of view is that people are socialized for different roles; society is maintained when members of a society collaborated with one another. For example, on one hand a higher education helps maintain…show more content…
On the other hand, having skilled people in our society is important for the economy of the country. First it helps creates more jobs in society because of knowledge people learned from a higher education. Having educated people in our society doesn’t only benefits those workers, but also increases the employment rates and wage rates of everyone in the society. It’s through education that people in society learn norms, relating to Durkheim a higher education is the key to maintain society functionality, because it does not create social inequalities and other conflicts in society. Therefore, functionalists assume that in society people are socialized for different roles; so society is maintained when members of a society collaborated with one another: higher education is part of a society contributes to the stability of the whole…show more content…
These three theories are very different in the way in which Marx, Durkheim, and DuBois and Foucault study sociological issues. Now, I am going to highlight how higher education is seen in France and U.S. Personally, there are many differences exist in every way of life between these two nations. For example, in politics, history, culture, and these differences draw basically in the American and French higher education system, and how they are alike. To keep it short, I would like to focus on discrimination in public institutions in both nations. I think that discrimination has existed in many places of society all over the world for centuries. But the presence of discrimination in education differs from country to country. On one hand, France higher education has had its own discriminatory and generally, the French Constitution, states that Law prohibits discrimination: race, sex (or gender), religion and ethnicity. I can truly say that the presence of discrimination in France is not developed as in this country. I think the fact that there is not much discrimination in public institutions in French system is because its government doesn’t encourage it, meaning in the French system justice and equality are applied to all and in any institution. A good example, is that in France public higher education are free to attend for French permanent and citizens readiness students ,
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