Similarities Between Christianity And Islam

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Echoing off what popular historian Michael Grant once said, Christianity and Islam are, “one of the few revolutions in the world’s history that have lasted” (Nardo, 1999, p. 12).Christianity and Islam are currently the world’s two largest religions. At first glance, Islam and Christianity appear to be very different. However, these two religious movements share similar origin, concepts and values. It is important to note now that Christianity and Islam share similarities mostly because they were both technically derived from Judaism. In fact the Hebrew Yahweh of the Old Testament is the same God/Allah that Christians and Muslims worship. This paper seeks to illustrate the origin, concepts and values of ancient Christianity and Islam; illustrating the similarities and differences that these two religions have. The origin of Christianity can be traced back to Roman controlled Palestine about 2000 years ago. The early Christians were primarily Jewish individuals who had converted to Christianity. Jesus himself was born and raised in the Jewish community. What separated Christianity from Judaism, and what furthermore distinguished Christianity from Islam is the life and teachings of Jesus Christ. Jesus’ claimed to be the Messiah, the Son of God, “a superhuman figure that the Jewish tradition had long prophesied would come to rescue the Jews from centuries of oppression” (Nardo, 1999, p. 16). Such a belief was dangerous to the Pharisees and Roman rule. So in the year 30 A.D Jesus Christ of Nazareth was crucified with the conviction of king of the Jews. Jesus Christ did not die however, he instead rose and ascended back to heaven. Though Jesus had predicted the spread of the gospel, evangelism did not truly begin till after his death. ... ... middle of paper ... ...s to prayer. Instead more importance is placed on, spending time alone with God in prayer. Public prayer and worship takes place mostly on Sundays. Muslims and Christians both have a special prayer that they recite. For Christians it is the lords prayer and for Muslims it is the Salat. The third pilar of Islam is the Sawm, it pertains to fasting. Muslims fast during the lunar month of Ramadan, from dawn until sunset. In regards to fasting, the Sermon on the Mount echoes the same lesson that was given to prayer; which is to not make a spectacle of yourself in the process of fasting. Islams fourth pillar is the Zakat instructs believers to give to those less-fortunate. Jesus also instructed followers to give to the poor. The fifth and final pillar of Islam is the Hajj, is the pilgrimage to Mecca to see the Ka’ba. Christians have no such pilgrimage that they must make.
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