Similarities And Differences Between Egypt And Mesopotamia

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Egypt and Mesopotamia were two of the earliest civilizations founded. They have been dated back to between 3500 and 3000 B.C.E. They both were settled near rivers and have had a lasting impact on world history. Although they both share many similarities they also differ greatly. The foundation of their civilization, their culture, and their social structure can all be compared and differed. Egypt was founded by the Nile River and Mesopotamia was founded by the Tigris and Euphrates River. Although both civilizations depended on rivers as important resources, their experience with them were very different. Egypt was lucky and had a better experience with the Nile. It was predictable and created a more optimistic Egypt. Unfortunately, Mesopotamia had a more difficult time with their rivers. They were unpredictable and could ruin soil and devastate crops. Geographically Egypt had a much better location than Mesopotamia. On page 80 of the book it explains how vulnerable Mesopotamia was to attack. Egypt was completely different and had an abundance of protection from invasion. They had deserts and seas to protect them from outsiders. Mesopotamia’s lack of geographical luck gave it a more pessimistic attitude unlike Egypt. Their environments differed greatly and this impacted their culture greatly. In Mesopotamia their gods were given negative characteristics. On page 80 and 81 they are described as “capricious and quarreling”. They believed people were cursed to live in a miserable world and had no hope of having anything after death. Egypt, on the other hand, had a better outlook on life. They believed in an afterlife and it was considered something almost luxurious. It was a privilege only the elite of society could experience unt... ... middle of paper ... ...e system was based more on religion. Their system functioned to exploit lower classes and control those entering their society. It was their way of keeping people down by categorizing them in unsavory classes. They also relied heavily on the idea of social constructs. They believed race was a component of a person’s value. China on the other hand saw value in politics and power. Those on the top tier of society were officials. There were broader classes and more opportunity to move between classes because the restrictions could be surmounted. In China classes had the ability to rebel and challenge authority as seen with Wu Mang and the Yellow turban Rebellion. In India the ideas of class superiority and inferiority were ingrained in people, so the society self-regulated and kept others in check. Inequality in the two societies had different sources and distinctions.
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