Similar Principles of the Natural and Economic Environments

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Similar Principles of the Natural and Economic Environments By examining Darwin's theories of evolution, which explain the process by which the phenomenon of evolution occurs, we get a grasp of a broad picture of the natural world with all its relationships and dynamics. Likewise, Adam Smith explains the economic world of Laissez-Faire capitalism in abstract, holistic terms, creating a general picture of its components. In studying both systems---one, the law of the wild, and the other, a system imposed by humanity---we can see how similar they are in their mechanisms, despite the fact that they apply to completely different settings. Therefore it is no surprise that Smith's capitalist system brings human society closer than ever to the brutal characteristics of the natural world, the same characteristics from which the `enlightened' society of Smith's time had been fighting to free itself. First we should look at how both of these systems operate. Darwin theorized that creatures evolve through natural selection, or, to clarify, that surviving creatures---and, therefore, the traits that they pass along to their offspring---are `chosen' by their respective environments. This means that whichever creatures are best suited to survive and reproduce in their habitats will not die off, and their genes will be passed along to subsequent generations. Smith advocates almost the same principles for human economy, and it is interesting that his proposed economy just about sums up the system of natural selection, for his theories were published almost a century prior to Darwin's. Smith's ideal economy is completely based on self-interest, which perfectly suits humans, for they are naturally inclined to this quality. Just as it... ... middle of paper ... ...of people, and, of course, the most diverse and thriving economies. New York, Chicago, and Hong Kong come to mind. With this realization, so many implications and parallels come to light that one could go on analyzing indefinitely. I'll conclude by saying that, regrettably, man has opted to reduce the struggle for existence to his own species, for as we continue to exponentially expand and battle on in our economic, greed-fueled `jungles,' we squash from existence the diversity of the rest of the natural world, diversity that literally took aeons to develop. In a pessimistic closing, I'll say this: the earth simply cannot support the natural world and the human economy at once, but of course we must survive, for it is what man does best, and the lesser species will bear way to our continued existence if we cannot establish a harmony with the natural world.
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