The Redl and Wattenberg Model is a model of discipline, concerning group dynamics. Fritz Redl, a highly respected psychologist and educator, was born in Austria in 1902. He was recruited by the Rockefeller Foundation and immigrated to the United States from Austria in 1936. In 1940, Redl began his career in the United States as a therapist and researcher and ultimately became professor of behavioral science at Wayne State University. In 1973, he dealt with deviant juveniles as a consultant to the department of criminal justice at the State University of New York at Albany.
Sigmund Freud: Founding Father of Psychoanalysis Kaylee R. McCracken Jenks High School Abstract Sigmund Freud is one of the founding fathers of psychology, specifically psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis is a clinical method for helping create the dialogue between a patient and the psychoanalyst. Freud has changed the way we think of human behavior and the mind. Freud came up with three main theories, the Id, Ego and Superego. Sigmund Freud: Founding Father of Psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud was born on May 6th, 1856 and died September 23rd, 1939.
While at U of C Dewey founded and operated the Laboratory School which gave him opportunity to develop his ideas on pedagogical method and his first major works, The School and Society (1899). Shortly after in 1904, Dewey left U of C because of disagreements over the Laboratory School. With his resignation to U of C Dewey was asked to join the Department of Philosophy at Columbia University. During his tenure he wrote; The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy and Other Es... ... middle of paper ... ...rived the child of an opportunity to take part in those occupations which still remain.” (marxists). Children subjected to a great increase in stimulus and pressure from the environment, they will lose the practical and motor skills necessary to balance intellectual development, use it or lose.
Sigmund Freud, also known as the father of psychoanalysis, was born May 6th of 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia. A few years later he moved to Vienna, Austria and years after to England. Sigmund Freud was known for connecting psychological issues with sexual issues. Freud demonstrated a broad perspective on things involving dreams, religion, and cultural artifacts. He focused on different states of the mind, such as unconsciousness.
Although other people had their theories about various ailments and conditions, it was Sigmund Freud who was the first person to actually document his work. Freud believed that people were controlled by two drives: the Eros the life drive, which was referred to as the sexual instinct and the death drive (Thanatos). “However, his ideas have become interwoven into the fabric of our culture, with terms such as "Freudian slip," "repression" and "denial" appearing regularly in everyday language” (http://psychology.about.com). His work is still revered, taught and criticised today over one hundred years later. Sigmund Freud's model of the mind can be likened to an iceberg, where the tip is visible above the water and the rest is hidden below the water unseen.
At Berkeley University he created a cognitive theory of learning, which became his trademark to the field. He thought of learning as developing from bits of knowledge and cognition about the environment and how the organism relates to it “(Kimble et al, 1991). Tolman's experiment questions whether complex internal cognitive activity occurs in an organism, whether these mental processes could be studied without observing them directly. He hypothesized that because humans live in an environment full of obstacles,tools and paths, he theorize that humans must be using those things in a purposive way. He used rats in his experimentation because he believed that rats have a type of stimulus response system akin to humans.
Wolfgang Bringmann, “The German physician, philosopher, and psychologist Wilhelm Maxine Wundt (1832-1920) was a seminal figure in the emergence of psychology as a modern science during the second half of the nineteenth century. Growing up, Wundts troubled childhood was not what you would think to be suitable for such an intelligent former psychologist. Wundts relationship with his parents was very troubled and unhealthy. Wundt spend hours staring at blank pages while day dreaming in class. He struggled through most of his schooling, but after he graduated, he went on to later be founded as the first psychologist as an independent science.
He attended Booker T. Washington High School and was said to be a valuable student. He skipped 9th and 11th grade and entered Morehouse college in Atlanta at the age of 15! Although his family was deeply involved in the church and worship, young Martin questioned his religion in general and felt uncomfortable with overly emotional displaying of religious worship. Martin chose to rebel against his father's beliefs and drink while playing pool in college,as it turns out it was not the smartest idea, because he got together with a girl and soon after he had to break up with her. In 1948, Martin Luther king Jr. earned a sociology degree from fr... ... middle of paper ... ...o him.
Psychodynamic Theory The field of psychology known as Psychodynamic theory, deals with the mind. The conscious and the unconscious thoughts and how a person feels. It suggests that the developmental stages of childhood and how they are dealt with has an influence on the person a child will become in later life. Although Sigmund Freud is considered the father of Psychoanalysis, before him Josef Breuer, born 1842, had worked with a patient known as Anna O. Anna, real name Bertha Pappenheim, came to Breuer, suffering from various symptoms including partial paralysis, headaches and hallucinations. These symptoms developed whilst caring for her father as he was dying.