Sickle Of Sickle Cell Anemia

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Sickle Cell Anemia
Sickle cell disease was first discovered in 1910 by Dr. B. Herrick, who wrote a report about a man who had blood flow problems. The now common disease sickle cell anemia can only be inherited, and has many symptoms due to the blockage of blood vessels which can make it dangerous not having a cure. Thankfully, without a cure, we are able to lengthen the lives of the individuals suffering from sickle cell disease with treatment.

According to the National Institute of Health, the most common form of the sickle cell disease is sickle cell anemia. This is a disorder which turns your typical disc shaped blood-cell' class='brand-secondary'>red blood cell into a sickle or crescent shape. The red blood cell has a soft disc shape so that it is able to move and squeeze through your blood vessels more efficiently. Also, the red blood cell contains a protein rich in iron called hemoglobin A, which carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Hemoglobin S is the abnormal hemoglobin found in sickle cells and is what makes the sickle cell take its crescent shape. Normal hemoglobin looks like little dots, where hemoglobin S forms stiff strands which makes it into its shape. The sickle or crescent shape is harmful because it will get lodged in the blood vessels and block blood flow. Blocked blood flow results in pain and serious organ damage. Anemia is a condition where a person would have a lower amount of red blood cells than normal. Red blood cells are made in the spongy bone marrow inside the larger bones in the body. Also, red blood cells are being made every day and are able to live around 120 days in your bloodstream carrying oxygen and removing carbon dioxide before dying. A sickle cell onl...

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...ailable is a blood transfusion. Blood transfusions are used to prevent people with worsening cases from having fatal symptoms. The side effects to blood transfusions are: allergic reactions, and increased risk of hepatitis and HIV. Research for stem cell transplants and medicine is continuing in hope for further treatment. Researchers are also looking for a way to determine the severity of this disease. Unfortunately, since this disease is inherited, many infants born with it die at an extremely early age because there bodies are not yet developed and strong enough to fight off infections. Luckily some cases don 't worsen until the person is older and strong enough to survive the fatal symptoms. The life expectancy of an average american with sickle cell anemia has been improving and is in the mid 40s (National Institute of Health) (Johns Hopkins Medicine).

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