As individual continue to remain distinct in their disposition, so is their comprehension and reaction regarding perceptions matters of lives and well-being. The idea of well-being deduces to be a usual example of this. And thus, constitute a doubt about what it is due to the fact that illness, disease and sickness are connected idea. As patients experience sickness and illness and they are diagnosed by doctor and treated. However, this paper will elucidate the definition of sickness, disease and explain illness while presenting an example of illness encounters.
Diabetes Melitus Type 2 (T2DM) from the biomedical model and social models of health have important differences. This paper illustrates that the sociological approach to T2DM goes beyond the pathophysiology of the biomedical model and is founded on the premise that social factors impact health. An overview of the biomedical model and discussion of T2DM within this model is followed by a description of the sociological model with a discussion of T2DM within this model. Evidence will support the assertion that using a sociological approach will add to the understanding of the sociological factors contributing to the development of T2DM. The biomedical model of health has its foundations in Pasteurs (1822-1896) germ theory with Koch's (1843-1910) refinement to specific causative factors resulting in specific diseases (Germov, 2009, p. 11; Saggers & Gray, 2007, pp.
Sick people need to get proper treatment and recover from the illness and come back to the normal function of the society. As Sheaff (2005) prospective, this approach is concerned about public health and wellbeing to maintain sociological functions. In contrast to the Functionalism, bureaucracies in Weberianism were found very effective tool to eradicate the fraudulence, mismanagement, and inefficiency (Germov, 2014). McFalls, (2007) suggests Weberianism bureaucracy approach has established layers of management, from the top level managerial role to supervisor, health professional and junior level staff. The chain of command deals with effective and consistent delivery of health services.
In the structural functional model, people took various tasks and role in society or in different institutions. These were dependable with the structures and norms of the society. Did sickness have any effective elements in society? This paper would describe the concept of sick role and the application in the nursing practice (Parson, 1979). Concept of sick role Talcott Parsons (1902 – 1979) was a famous American sociologist and a structural functionalist.
Considering the Cartesian philosophical assumptions,... ... middle of paper ... ... the dichotomy disease / Illness established to differentiate between pathology and suffering of the individual. While disease is an organic condition that can be discovered through various laboratory procedures, illness is much more subjectively, describing the status of the individual suffering and how the suffering is influencing his daily experience of life ( EJ Sobo , 2004:3 ) .The concept of illness includes both individual reactions to the state of being ill, and beliefs and attitudes that he has on the disease of suffering ( M. Winkelman 2009:60 ) . At least in theory, disease is universal, pathological damage of the body can be labelled and classified. Illness, however, is a variable factor, influenced by human personality traits, family background and social context, as well as, by the cultural context which acts as a modelling vector of human suffering.
coping, behaviour change, social support, pain perception), illness progression (e.g. stress, behaviour change) and health outcomes (e.g. Quality of life, longevity).  The direct and indirect pathways between psychology and health: Health psychologists consider both a direct and indirect pathway between psychology and health. The direct pathway is reflected in physiological literature and from this perspective, the way a person experiences their life (‘I am feeling stressed’) has a direct impact upon their body through changes in their physiology which can change their health
Functionalist believe that sick role is “societal expectations about the attitude and behavior of a person viewed being ill”. Early influential functionalist emphasis medicine’s role to maintain or even cure a ‘”normal”’ functioning individuals of society. In simple words, the patient or individual would be seeking to get well. It was also understood functionalist believe even disabled people were classified as sick. The downfall with functionalism is they confuse impairment and disability with the “sick role”.
John Germov (2013, p. 16) wrote a chapter on ‘Imagining Health Problems as Social Issues’ in Second Opinion: An Introduction to Health Sociology, he mentions the ‘social model of health’ where the social determinants of health, which are economic, social and cultural factors, are being looked at closely to how these factors are linked to focus on preventing the illness. One
Research on the social construction of mental illness can further help us gain understanding on the cultural meaning of illnesses, illness experience for the individual, and socially constructed “medical knowledge.” The research focuses on how social groups can alter norms and perceptions, contributing to a perceived social reality and knowledge. There lies a difference between disease and illness; the former being medically defined by professionals while the latter is socially characterized and defined. Medical definitions are rigidly and universally defined, whereas “illnesses” are dynamic in their nature and can be shaped by eras or culture at the time, thus giving insight into how perceptions evolve (APA, 9). By looking at the impacts of the connotations of mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia, sociologists can trace how society responds to those diagnosed. Even though these types of illnesses can have the same impact on the individual in terms of strife compared to other illnesses, the way they are perceived leads to a skewed view of their value.
Compassion fatigue can be seen as a form of burnout, as a secondary traumatic stress, associated with the ‘‘cost of caring’’2. Regulatory mechanisms must operate in people who are in contact with individuals who are in states of suffering in order to prevent their distress from impairing their ability to help5. If healthcare providers fail to regulate their emotions adequately in their interactions with their patients, they may experience feelings of being emotionally drained overtime8. In this context, supporting the mental health of healthcare providers by