They all gave the President the right to call men to war when he deemed necessary. In January 1973, Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announced the creation of the all-volunteer service, retracting the need for the draft (GAO.gov). Under current law, all men between the ages of 18-25 must register within 30 days of their 18th birthday, however this information is used mostly for recruitment purposes and in case of any future crisis. There has been much controversy over this matter since the Vietnam War, when people started to realize the draft was unfair due to loopholes and draft exemptions making the draft unfair for working men. At one point in time the military draft may have been necessary, but today’s all-volunteer military has eliminated the need for a draft.
In 1863 president Lincoln proposed his ten percent plan, it’s policy would allow seceding states return to the Union if 10% of their prewar voters took an oath of loyalty to the Union and abolished slavery. The plan did not force states to give equal rights to blacks. Ten percent plan was a good idea, but radical republicans felt, that it is not enough. They wanted equal rights for former slaves and a power of planter class destroyed. Congress formulated a stricter plan of Reconstruction, it proposed that Confederate states would be temporarily ruled by the military governor required half the white adult males to take an oath, and restricted political power to the hard core Unionists in each state.
The main goal of the articles of war was to maintain discipline to the military force. (Brannon Jr. 1 of 5) Conscription is the act of selecting people to serve in the military. Also known as a draft. (1808-1889) Jefferson Davis raised one hundred thousand volunteers one year later the number of volunteers dwindled Confederate congress passed a conscription act in April 1862 which covered man from 18 to 35 and was later expanded to cover ages 17 to 50 (Benson, Brannon Jr. Valentine 1 of 2). Military draft in 1940 President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945 Served 1933-45) signed the selective training and service Act The ... ... middle of paper ... ...itment.
Before 1864, no country had ever held elections during military emergencies. This all changed when Lincoln decided to run for his reelection in 1864. The only issue was the fact that the Union was in the 4th year of war with the Confederacy, but Lincoln said "We cannot have free government without elections; and if the rebellion could force us to forego, or postpone a national election, it might fairly claim to have already conquered and ruined us." The rebellion Lincoln mention was the Confederacy itself, he did not want to postpone elections just because of Civil War. Five months after the campaign, Lincoln was reelected and the Confederacy was conquered.
This CSA flag was authorized in 1863 to reflect the 13 states that were part of the secession. A plain white background that resembled a flag of surrender was broken up with the symbol of the Confederacy the diagonal blue with white stars on a red background. The upper left corner was used as a battle flag and still represents those confederates at heart. The Confederate States of America elected Jefferson Davis as their President and shortly after election he established the Confederate White House in Richmond, Virginia. The two capitals were barely over 100 miles apart, but the ideology was far enough apart to create a riff that saw tremendous loss of American life.
Again the government worked to reduce the debt, and by 1949 it was $252.7 Billion. At that point the Korean War started, sending the debt to $274 Billion by 1955. Since then, there has been no serious effort to pay down the debt. The main point to be made was that on three separate occasions a major debt reduction effort had been made, but in the past 55 years in spite of much arm waving there have been no similar results. The U.S. debt is divided into two major kinds of loans, marketable and no marketable.
The Vietnam War is known to be one of America’s toughest wars, starting in November of 1955 and ending with the “Fall of Saigon” in March of 1975. In 1973 all American combatant troops had departed Vietnam due to a peace treaty which only left a couple thousand Americans for humanitarian aid with only a handful of Marines for their protection. The North Vietnamese knew that with American military forces withdrawn, taking over South Vietnam would no longer be a challenge. As the North Vietnamese Army started migrating south the remaining Americans relied on the U.S. Government to develop a plan to safely extract the remaining personnel without involving U.S. combatant forces. This plan turned out to become the largest helicopter evacuation in American history and lasted less than forty eight hours.
My second topic that I will discuss will be on if it is morally acceptable to "draft dodge". What I mean on the second topic is if you have a right; that morally allows you to not go fight in the war. For the first part of this paper you need some background on how the draft worked throughout our history (as Americans), and how it was socially perceived amongst the citizen of this great nation. For more than fifty years now we have had a peacetime military draft. "President Franklin Roosevelt signed the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 which created the country's first peacetime draft and formally established the Selective Service System" (about.com).
The defense of the nation has always been the Army's primary mission. From the beginning the Army has also been involved with internal improvements, natural disaster relief, economic assistance, domestic order, and a host of other contingencies. Although these missions may not have always been those it would have chosen for itself, Army has drown great satisfaction from knowing that when the nation was in need, it answered the call. Over the past 225 years, the United States has grown from a loosely organized confederation of thirteen English colonies scattered along the Atlantic seaboard to a superpower whose influence reaches around the globe. The U.S. Army has contributed immeasurably to the rise of the American nation, first as the shield of the Republic during its vulnerable early years and later as means to project power in defense of American interests worldwide.
“A successful life, by definition includes service to others” (The Bush School of Government and Public Service, 2013). For centuries the idea of serving one’s nation has been known as a noble calling. While several countries have utilized a compulsory military and/or public service obligation, the United States of America has maintained the notion that one should feel called / led to serve. Outside of the Selected Service, the U.S. has maintained an All-Volunteer Force. With the continued pressures from the decade long war(s) one could argue that the United States adopts a compulsory public service obligation.