While the United States for the most part stayed out of this war and even cut off arm sales to Batista before his overthrow, Welch shows that by then it was to late for the U.S. to ever create a good relationship with Cuba. The reason for this is that the years of and U.S. dominated Cuban economy, combined with the troublesome Platt Amendment, fueled the fire of class differences and created in Castro’s mind a distrust of U.S. involvement in Cuba. However, while Castro’s anti-American stance no doubt hindered relations with the U.S., it was more the fault of the Eisenhower and Kennedy presidencies reluctance to offer aid outright to Castro and accept change in Cuba. This unwillingness of Castro to adhere to the U.S. standard or democracy in turn led to unwarranted economic sanctions, which later led to Cuba’s need for Soviet economic support. “The U.S. government measures went beyond the retaliation warranted by the injuries American citizens and interests had up to that time suffered at Castro’s hands” (Welch 58).
It is a result of the Cuban missile crisis as both countries learnt that having a lot of missiles and weaponry is not a good thing as it could very easily cause a war. In conclusion the Cuban missile crisis was definitely a turning point in relations between the superpowers for the better. However some events did make their relationship worse but they were not results of the Cuban missile crisis, for example the Russian invasion of Afghanistan. The Cuban Crisis led to détente, the telephone hotline and the realisation that both sides have a responsibility to the whole world not to go to war so this proves that it was a turning point in relations between the superpowers.
Is the Cuban Embargo a cruel reminder of the Cold war, or is it an important factor of American Democracy fighting the spread of Communism? The Cuban Embargo was a declaration issued by American President John Fitzgerald Kennedy. The embargo was issued because of the threat that the Communist government of Cuba, led by Fidel Castro in 1959, had on American security, assets and democracy at the height of the Cold War. Some 1.8 billion worth of industrial assets were lost with Cuban communist nationalization. (Mr. D’Angelo personal interview) In support, constant influence of the Soviet Union during the early 1960s, particularly the time between 1961 and 1962, led to the creation of the embargo.
In many ninds, the invasion was a complete failure for the American military. The main reason, and possibly the lone reason, for the Bay of Pigs invasion was to stop communism from reaching our country. This meant that the United States government wanted to provoke a counterrevolution in which democracy would be restored and all traces of communism would, subsequently, be destroyed. They tried this by sending the aforementioned group of Cubans into Cuba, an obviously unsuccessful tactic. They also decided to spend thousands of dollars on propaganda against Cuba.
The Cuban Missile Crisis: Eyeball to Eyeball Eyeball to Eyeball: America, Cuba and The Soviet Union America and The Soviets again using other countries for their own warfare Excitement was high for Cuba, when Fidel Castro overthrew the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista in January 1959. With a heady mixture of nationalism and left - wing ideologies US became very cautious for its southern comrades Central and Southern America and perhaps herself. When Castro took over Cuba, the US lost valuable investments in the sugar and tobacco crops of Cuba. Fearing the spread of communism into Americas' backyard the US Government imposed a strict economic blockade hoping to starve Castro into US policies. In desperation Castro turned to the soviets for balance of powers to weigh up the balance of communism ideologies.
Fidel Castro and the Bay of Pigs The Bay of Pigs invasion on 17 April 1961 marked one of the most embarrassing events in United States government history. Shortly after overthrowing Cuban President Fulgencia Batista in 1959, Fidel Castro’s regime became a concern to United States policymakers. Fidel Castro’s actions against U.S. companies and interests and the establishment of closer relationships with the Soviet Union immediately suggested that the Cuban leader was a threat to the United States. In March 1960, President Eisenhower ordered the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to train a force of Cuban exiles, known as Brigade 2506, for an armed attack on Cuba. John F. Kennedy inherited this issue when he became president in 1961 and decided to go forward with the plan.
America had no chance to prevent this event and so Fidel Castro remained in power. However, America believed him to be communist and they were frightened by anyone with links to communism. Therefore, this sparked another cause of the Cuban Missile Crisis, w... ... middle of paper ... ...r defence as no-one had any idea of what the Americans were doing, they had lied about the U-2 crisis and the Soviet Union said they felt Russia needed to be defended, as America could be seen to be planning an attack. The main reason that the cold relationship between the two great superpowers came to ahead in Cuba was because of the history there. Americans had kept the unwanted leader General Batista in power for too long.
That country is Cuba situated ninety miles off the Florida coast and exists as an antithesis to United States democracy. Cuba’s unwillingness to succumb under the United States’ to adopt democratic policies has made it a special case of socialism. A revolution, transition to socialist belief, and increased economic stability have culminated in a country that appears to be progressing, but stagnant in developing into a functioning political body. The Cuban Revolution, incited after Fidel Castro assumed power in Cuba, aimed to reform most of the policies left behind by Dictator Fulgencio Batista. Castro’s successful guerilla operations laid the groundwork for dismantling the Batista regime, and gave the Cuban people a relief from the repressive tactics used by the dictator.
After only being president for a couple of days, Kennedy was informed about Eisenhower’s secret plan for the CIA to train Cuban exiles for the invasion and overthrow of Castro. Kennedy was skeptical of the plan but still approved it. On April 18, 1961, the attempted invasion took place on the south cast of Cuba and as Kennedy expected the invasion failed horribly. The CIA underestimated the amount of troops and the extent of weaponry in Cuba. Kennedy accepted the responsibility for the loss still disappointed stating The United Stated “ look like fools to our friends, rascals to our enemies and incompetents to the rest”.