While some believe in the right to choose, others consider it as murder; in both cases the turmoil of abortion has an extreme affect on a woman. Even though the United States has ruled abortions to be legal, there is still controversy. One may say that this is a growing problem in our country. However, for every problem there should be a solution. Erika Bachiochi argues that: “The state's suppression of a woman's right to choose [was] simply a perpetuation of the patriarchal nature of our society...To free women from [the] gender hierarchy, women must have a right to do what they please with their bodies” (22).
On this date, the Supreme Court struck down all state abortion laws and legalized abortion in all 50 states for the full nine months of pregnancy. A mother’s right to abortion is known as the outcome of Roe v. Wade and falls under a woman’s right to privacy. More specifically, the court ruled that the government could restrict abortion access after the first trimester with laws intended to protect the woman’s health. Also, late-term abortions need the approval of a licensed physician to judge the procedure necessary to protect the mother’s health (Roe v. Wade: The 1973 Supreme Court Decision on State Abortion Laws, 1973) . According to an article written by Michael W. McConnell, “the reasoning of Roe v. Wade is an embarrassment to those who take constitutional law seriously, even to many scholars who heartily support the outcome of the case (p. 136).” The first reasoning behind the decision is based on the “right of privacy” and that it is broad enough to encompass a woman’s decision whether or not to terminate her pregnancy.
Before 1973, the state of Texas prohibited legal ... ... middle of paper ... ...lable in the U.S. Clinton also changed the “Mexico City Policy” which was passed by the Reagan administration that prohibited and to international family planning programs that supported abortion. For years, abortion has been an extremely controversial subject. One important aspect of the controversy is whether a woman should be permitted by law to have an abortion and under what circumstances. Another is whether laws should protect the unborn. History has shown that whenever abortion had been prohibited, women still attempted and succeeded in obtaining illegal abortions.
Although abortion is legal in the United States, many people continue to voice their opinions on how it is a human rights violation and should be illegal everywhere. The practice of abortion should be banned in society because it terminates the life of an innocent unborn child, causes long-term emotional effects, as well as major health risks for women who opt for abortion. The debate of abortion continues to be a controversial problem in society and has been around for many decades. According to Jone Lewis, “In the United States, abortion laws began to appear in the 1820’s, forbidding abortion after the fourth month of pregnancy” (1). This indicates that the abortion controversy has been debated far back into American history.
Today’s society is full of health concerns, unsolved, and controversial issues. Many of these can be viewed in relation to one’s moral, ethic, and religious beliefs, thus creating a society divided by opposing viewpoints. Today in the U.S., abortion is one of the most controversial discussions concerning women simply because it has been said for many years now that abortion should not be legal. Many who oppose abortion do not know what an abortion is, or even why a woman might choose to have an abortion. This research essay will discuss why it should be a woman’s choice to have an abortion and attempt to discuss the many reasons behind choosing an abortion.
Abortion Women may have an abortion for a variety of reasons, but in general they choose abortion because a pregnancy at that time is in some way wrong for them. “Abortion is the removal of a fetus from the uterus before it is mature enough to live on its own” (Kuechler 1996). When this happens spontaneously we call it a miscarriage. Induced abortion is brought about deliberately by a medical procedure that ends pregnancy. Legal abortion, carried out by trained medical practitioners, is one of the most common and safest surgical procedures.
Since the famous case of Roe vs. Wade in 1973 abortion has been legal with few restrictions. A big point when it comes down to deciding restrictions on abortions is late term abortion and also underage abortion. Abortion dates all the way back to the 13th century, but in those days abortion was considered shameful and if was not preformed after the fifth or sixth week by then considered homicide and was punishable by hanging. Abortion was some what prohibited in the United Sates up until 1960s and 70s when several states started allowing abortions for a few things such as health, rape, and incest. (Rich, Alex K.Wagner, Geraldine.
Since the early 1970’s abortion has been an important issue to the United States (Tietze 1). The problem begins with whether it is the woman’s choice to keep or terminate her pregnancy or the government’s choice. When this problem happens, a woman loses her right as a person. Most women argue about this issue, but if you look at it, it is the woman’s body, and she should do with it as she pleases. I believe that if a woman, under the right circumstances, should be able to make her own choices in life and not be influenced by family or the government.
There are two sides to the argument and the two groups are pro-abortion and pro-life. Pro-life is against abortion, because they believe that it is going against the Church and God. Pro- Abortion is for abortion, because they believe that if the teenager or mother of the child cannot support the child it is only right to get an abortion. It is wrong to take the life of an unborn and defenseless child by the operation of getting an abortion. Abortion is the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy, most often performed during the first 28 weeks of pregnancy.
“National Abortion Federation.” [http://www.prochoice.org]. 2003. Eckholm, Erik. “Case Explores Rights of Fetus Versus Mother.” New York Times 24 October 2013: 1. “First Trimester Abortion: A Comparison of Procedures.” [http://www.prochoice.org].