Web. 8 Feb. 2016. . Murnaghan, Ian. "Background and History of Animal Testing." About animal testing.
On... ... middle of paper ... ... Many advances in medical research could not have been made without the use of animals in some way. Dogs, cats and primates together account for only 0.2% research animals. Researchers test on animals because they are considered similar to humans. They recognize the limitations and differences but the testing is done on animals because they are thought to be the closet match and best one with regards to applying this data to humans.
22 Nov 2013. Orlans, F. Barbara. "Policy issues in the use of animals in research, testing, and education." The Hastings Center Report May-June 1990: S25+. General Reference Center.
Introduction Many institutions use animal experiments to develop a new product or test the safety of medicines. Animals may be modified into suitable condition to obtain knowledge about potential human diseases and treatments. As animals including mice and rats that are distant from human share many genetic and physiological similarities with human, experimenting on them may bring enormous benefits (BBC, n.d.). Many of the experiments, however, cause pain to them or even reduce their living quality (HOPES, 2010). This brings attention to the justification of animal experiments.
Animals commonly used in medical research are rats and chimpanzees. Over time these species have proven to be plentiful and they have exhibited the ability to sustain the various testing regimens that mimic human experimentation. “The need for animals in research, particularly medical research, is because of the need to determine the toxicity and dangers of new drugs.” (Prater 1). Animals are great learning tools for medical students. “For basic research, to understand a disease, dogs are an excellent mimic of the human cardiovascular system.” (Dixon 1).
For example, penicillin kills guinea pigs but it is totally inactive in rabbits. When tested on animals the results are not always the same. Alternative methods would be beneficial to companies so that they don’t loose money when people start to not by their product. Researching on the PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) website a Journal of the American Medical Association and British M... ... middle of paper ... ...w advancements in the areas of molecular biology and computer technology. Works Cited "Alternatives to Animal Testing."
Contrary to primary belief, dogs, cats, and primates only account for .02% of overall testing. Primates, because they share 99% of human DNA, are used to study neurodegenerative disease such as Alzheimer's. Animal testing, although seen as inhumane and unnecessary, should remain a necessary form of experimentation for medical science. Animal testing is becoming increasingly more humane. Scientists have discovered that the stress put on larger animals such as primates, dogs, cats, and rabbits, can alter test results.
Animals should be used for research and Experimentation because if the animals get sick or show any signs of acting abnormal then the scientists know it isn’t safe for humans to use. Animal research has played a big role in nearly every medical breakthrough over the last decade. Animals have the same organ system that perform the same task, which helps determine if what is being tested is safe for humans to use. Most of the medicines animals use the same medicine as humans like antibiotics, pain killers, and many more this helps to see if the medicine cures the animals without any harmful consequences then it would be safe and useful for humans to use. Using animals for research and experimentation has led to cancer survival rates to continue to rise.