Being afraid of Napoleon who gained Louisiana and New Orleans for France, Jefferson sent “James Monroe and Robert R. Livingston to Paris to buy New Orleans from France” (Boyer 228). Napoleon, who needed money for his European wars, decided to sell the whole territory for $15 million. Consequently, The Louisiana Purchase was made on April 30, 1803, when the United States signed treaty with France. While Jefferson’s fears of French expansion were driven back, he had to face problems connected with the purchase as opposition claimed it was unconstitutional.
Through the Alien and Sedition Acts, those in support of a stronger federal government achieved a major victory. The Acts gave new powers which were not dictated in the Constitution to both the executive and legislative branches. The Federalists were able to pass these acts with their logic based upon loose translations of the Constitution, especially the “elastic clause.” In peacetime, these Acts would not have had a chance in being passed, but the undeclared war with France had riled up Congress enough to accept these loose translations.
The Whiskey Rebellion CONTENTS 1. Introduction to the French and Indian War 2. Domestic and social differences in the region 3. Washington?s statement 4. Attack on the Lys 5.
The Alien and Sedition Acts were passed by the Federalists who had control of congress, in an effort to foster unity during the Quasi-War. The Democratic-Republicans were completely against the Alien and Sedition Acts because it included harsh suppression of protest among American citizens. These acts made it illegal to oppose or deprecate the government or the president in any manner, such as writing, speaking, publishing, etc. The punishment for breaking this law included fines, and imprisonment. The Alien and Sedition Act also had clauses that affected foreigners, making it easier to deport them and harder for them to vote by increasing the minimum years of residence necessary from 5 to 14 years. The harsh clause against foreigners was the Federalists effort to protect the nation from “aliens” living in the United States who might sympathize with France during the Quasi-War. It just so happen that these “aliens” tended to concur with and supported the Democratic-Republicans. The Alien and Sedition Acts were responsible for many Democratic-Republicans supporters, and some newspaper editors to be arrested and even imprisoned. The Democratic-Republicans felt that the Alien and Sedition Act violated the citizens’ freedom of speech, and the country agreed, as the Federalists lost the 1800 election, leading to a peaceful exchange of power that proved that our system
Several Acts of Congress proved the Legislature to be an effective battleground for the issue of federal power. In the end of the 18c, the Federalist Party enjoyed great political influence. Presidents and many congressmen represented the party's goals and served as opponents to those who sang too loudly the praises of "States' rights". Thus, Congress succeeded in passing legislature that seriously challenged individual rights. The Alien Act made assimilation and naturalization more difficult for immigrants, and the Sedition Act posed a substantial threat to First Amendment rights, as it specified punishment for "writing, printing, uttering, or publishing any false, scandalous, or malicious writings" about virtually any branch or aspect of the U.S. government. Such a clear subordination of individual rights to Federal power evoked a strong Republican backlash, in both State Assemblies and ballot boxes. The Kentucky Resolutions were passed in State legislature attacking the Sedition Act, stating that "whensoever the general government assumes undelegated powers, its acts are unauthorized, void, and of no force…" (D) Two years later, Democratic-Republican Thomas Jefferson was elected President and Congressional elections followed similar trends, ending the long-time Federalist dominance.
The American Revolution marked America’s independence from Great Britain. The American Revolution revealed many concerns for Americans. During the Revolutionary War, an internal rebellion known as Shays Rebellion demonstrated the need for a stronger government. After the war, Americans viewed The Articles of Confederation as an inadequate constitution. The Articles of Confederation allowed congress little to no power; it restricted congresses’ power to tax, which led the states to coin their own currency. Thus, each state had separate values for coins and dollars, making trade impractical. Each state was in charge of its own military; as a result, when the central government wanted to go to war; states could decide not to aid in the war. In addition, after the Revolutionary War, the national government had trouble collecting funds to pay the debt that proliferated during the war. Accordingly, twelve of the thirteen states met in Philadelphia State House where the delegates fought over the Virginia Plan or the New Jersey Plan. The Virginia Plan stated that representation was decided upon a states population. Where as, the New Jersey Plan wanted equal representation from each state. The Great Compromise resolved the argument by combining both plans together. It required a legislature which states would be represented based on population identical to the House of Representatives in modern day. The upper house states would be represented two members equally such as the Senate is currently. By giving power to the people and the creation of checks and balances, the Constitution of 1787 resolved the question of who was to be sovereign and the where the powers lie. Each state had to ratify this Constitution before it could be implemente...
Since the founding of the United States on July 4th, 1776, we have had two guiding documents. First the Articles of Confederation and second the United States Constitution. The articles failed so the Constitution of the United States was made in place of them. The US needed the constitution to set up guidelines and rules for the government. In the constitution there is a clause the mentions amendments being ratified if the need arises. There have been 27 amendments to the document. The 27 amendments touch upon the bits and pieces the original form of the constitution missed. The first ten of the 27 amendments are called the bill of rights. They grantee the basic rights of the citizens such as the freedom of speech. Amendment 12 has to do with voting process and the electoral collage, while amendment 15 is related to amendment 12 and has to do with voting rights. Both of these amendments still greatly effect the way the government is run and helped form our country to what it is today.
Yes, the Constitutional Convention of 1787 was essential to preserve the Union, as the Articles of Confederation did a meager job establishing a stable America. Only a handful of people from the entire nation were pleased with the issues addressed in the Articles of Confederation. This document didn’t unite the nation, but created more differences among the people. The Articles of Confederation failed to properly allocate power between Congress and the states, giving the states supreme control, rather than Congress. This unbalance in society left each individual state on their own, besides the alliances they could form within each other (creating even more rifts within the country). The Congress didn’t hold the power to tax or create a national military, navy, and army, which didn’t allow America to strengthen as a nation. By vesting these powers in the state, the Articles of Confederation technically created thirteen small countries. After the Revolution, the United States became even more susceptible to foreign invaders and if a minute state militia was responsible for warding off these trespassers, the state would be easily attacked. This is just once consequence that could have occurred, if the Constitution of 1787 wasn’t accepted.
Shays Rebellion 1) Shays' Rebellion, the post-Revolutionary clash between New England farmers and merchants that tested the precarious institutions of the new republic, threatened to plunge the "disunited states" into a civil war. The rebellion arose in Massachusetts in 1786, spread to other states, and culminated in an abortive attack on a federal arsenal. It wound down in 1787 with the election of a more popular governor, an economic upswing, and the creation of the Constitution of the United States in Philadelphia. Shay's Rebellion was the first armed uprising of the new nation. It was caused by the absence of debt relief legislation in Massachusetts.