The reaction against taxation was often violent and the most powerful and articulate groups in population rose against the taxation. Then in October of 1765, colonial representatives met on their own for the first time and decided to mobilize forces against their Mother country. From this point on, events reached the point of no return for the colonies. In December of 1773, the Boston Tea Party occurred as a direct response to the much-hated Tea Act. In 1774, the First Continental Congress met and formed and began to raise issues which would later stimulant local organizations to end their fidelity for England.
The American Revolution was the time the thirteen colonies fought for their independence from Britain. The revolution occurred from the aftermath of numerous events, including the Boston Massacre. The Boston Massacre was thought out as a propaganda event for colonialist, to aid for more support in the cause for the American Revolution. The tenacity for Britain to keep ahold their colonists loosened and like a rubber band, tensions within the two groups snapped. British soldiers were sent to Boston and fired upon the Boston mob, leaving five men dead after the end of the chaos.
Once again the colonists protested vigorously. In December 1767, John Dickinson, a Philadelphia lawyer, published 12 popular essays that reiterated the colonists' denial of Parliament's right to tax them and warned of a conspiracy by a corrupt British ministry to enslave Americans. The Sons of Liberty organized protests against customs officials, merchants entered into nonimportation agreements, and the Daughters of Liberty advocated the nonconsumption of products, such as tea, taxed by the Townshend Acts. The Massachusetts legislature sent the other colonies a circular letter condemning the Townshend Acts and calling for a united American resistance. British officials then ordered the dissolution of the Massachusetts General Court if it failed to withdraw its circular letter; the court refused, by a vote of 92 to 17, and was dismissed.
A series of Parliamentary laws goaded the colonists to increasing levels of anger: the 1765 Stamp Act led to boycotts and protests; the Townshend Acts of 1767 resulted in a movement to stop importing British goods. Washington was a leader in this movement. In retaliation, British troops occupied Boston. An unfortunate skirmish between colonists and British troops, portrayed by Samuel Adams and other rebels as the Boston Massacre, brought further opposition to heavy-handed British policies. Continuing disobedience in Boston led Parliament to pass the Coercive Acts, which completely closed Boston harbor in an attempt to cut off the Boston rebels from the rest of the colonies.
In the 18th century King Louis XVI's spendings on the American Revolution practically bankrupt the country which had brought 2 decades of poor cereal harvest, cattle disease, and higher bread prices. Angry peasants showed their desperation by joining groups/clans that were against high taxes, those groups could not provide getting rid of taxes on how they always had riots and looted people homes. King Louis XVI's controller general (Charles Alexandre de Calonne) came up with an solution to there financial problems which would make the eligible class of people no longer taxed and would tax the wealthy more. To support or help with this act the king summoned the Estates-General a sponsor of the clergy, the meeting was scheduled for May 5th, 1789. Frances population had changed dramatically since 1614, the percentage of the non-autocracy people was now 98% but still was over voted by the other bodies.
In 1786, a captain of the old Continental army Daniel Shays, led 2000 armed farmers against the state government. They shut down county courts to prevent foreclosure proceedings on their farms, and marched on the Federal Arsenal at Springfield, evidently to properly arm themselves. Eventually in 1787, the Massachusetts state militia put down the rebellion. Both sides in the mess were unhappy with the new republic’s role (or lack thereof) in the crisis. Farmers were unhappy that the government wasn’t taking steps to protect their property from creditors, and creditors were unhappy that the
Colonists reacted to the Townshend acts by boycotting all British goods until they repealed the act. When the act was repealed only tea wa... ... middle of paper ... ...begun. In seventeen seventy- five, the revolution had begun with Lexington and Concord being the starting place serving as the first of many battles. Thomas Paine aided to the war with his pamphlet Common Sense firing up colonists to join the revolution in seventeen eighty-six. The colonists fought hard to earn their victorious freedom behind General George Washington against the red coated British.
The Patriots viewed the Acts as a violation of the rights of Massachusetts, and in September 1774 they organized the First Continental Congress to organize a protest. As tensions grew, the American Revolutionary War officially commenced in April 1775. The Boston Massacre was a critical point in American history and fueled the American Revolution. It caused the Royal Governor to evacuate the occupying British troops from Boston. The Boston Massacre united the colonies in their fight for independence which, along with continued propaganda, led to the Revolutionary War.
-Washington crosses the Delaware River and captures a Hessian force at Trenton, NJ. -In December of 1776, The colonists were in desperate need o financing and arms. The congress sent Benjamin Franklin to France to urge the French to ally with America. 1777- In Separate battles, the Americans lose Fort Ticonderoga, Brandywine, Germantown, and Philadelphia to the British. -In October 1777, the Americans capture Saratoga and British fighters.
On October 31, the day before the Stamp Act was to go into effect, 200 merchants in New York City vowed to stop importing British goods, beginning the First No importation Movement. Then they joined storekeepers, artisans, sailors, and laborers in a mass protest meeting. On the next night, 2000 residents surrounded the fort where the stamps were being guarded and then plundered the house of a British officer (French, pg 56). These mob actions prompted the lieutenant governor to ask General Thomas Gage, the British military commander... ... middle of paper ... ...ourage of the people in the Hudson Valley and the rest of the nation, society would not be the same. References: Boylan, Brian Richard.