Shaken Infant Syndrome

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Shaken Infant Syndrome Shaken Infant Syndrome (also known as Shaken Baby Syndrome, SBS) is a relatively new term in the medical world. Simply put, it is the collective name of the symptoms produced when an infant is shaken violently or has sustained some type of head trauma. Any type of trauma to the head or cranial region results in some negative response to the body’s homeostatic system, in an infant or child this is especially true. An infant or child’s skull is disproportionately larger than that of a fully developed adult. This usually results in a higher susceptibility to head and neck injury. To understand how SBS effects the human body’s homeostatic system it must first be established what happens to be diagnosed with SBS. The majority of cases are a result from an infant or small child being shaken vigorously back and forth. Cases have been documented from falls or accidents ; however, it must be noted that this is a relatively small number. For the purposes of the scope of this paper, those results will be ignored. Shaken Baby Syndrome is a term used to describe the constellation of signs and symptoms resulting from violent shaking or shaking and impacting of the head of an infant or small child. When a small child or infant is shaken the head will act as a pendulum perched on the neck. The neck muscles are not fully developed yet so the head can not be held in place. The child’s skull is not yet fully developed at this point. The dura mater has not yet firmly attached itself to the skull since the sutures in the skull have not fully fused together. The skull is designed like this to allow for the future growth of the body and brain. When the head is snapped back and forth the brain can “rattle” ... ... middle of paper ... ...self in almost every instance. Bibliography: Dr. John Lancon in response to questions posed by The National Center on Shaken Baby Syndrome Definition provided by Robert Reece, M.D., clinical professor of Pediatrics at the Tufts University School of Medicine Definition provided by John Lancon, M.D., Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery at the University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS. Information provided by WebMD at http://webmd.lycos.com Chiras, Daniel D. Ph.D., University of Denver Human Biology Health, Homeostasis, and the Environment 3rd edition 1999 Peinkofer, Jim Pinekofer Associates http://members.aol.com/piney94/sis1.html Provider of all images American Academy Of Pediatrics Volume 108, Number 1 July 2001, pp 206-210 Shaken Baby Syndrome: Rotational Cranial Injuries—Technical Report (T0039)

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