Sexually Transmitted Infections risks

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The Center for Disease Control (CDC) estimates that 19 million people acquire a sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the United States anually. This estimate is part of the “2010 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Surveillance” report that is release by the CDC annually based on STIs cases reported by health departments around the country (CDC). The numbers in this report however only include detailed information about reportable STIs: Gonorrhea, Syphilis, and Chlamydia while information about other infections is less comprehensive (CDC). But the report still shows the severity and extent of this health problem and it can be tool to test the effectiveness of our current efforts. And the latest data shows that even though screening for STIs has increased and led to more diagnosed patients, which is important to prevent the spread, new cases of these infections continue to increase, especially among specific populations like women, minorities, homosexual men and adolescents (CDC). And, a significant part of the research in this area today is dedicated to finding the factors that result in the high STI rates seen in these populations and the public in general.

Since young adults make up such a vast part of the population at risk, there is numerous research identifying the behaviors and outside factors that put them at risk. One such study conducted by Tom Luster and Stephen A. Small looked at a number of family and social factors associated with engaging in risky sexual behaviors in groups of teenagers with different sexual histories (Luster and Small). The study found that those teenagers that practiced high risk behaviors had higher chances of having being both sexually and physically abuse and experienced low parental supervisi...

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