Neonatal herpes simplex virus infection. Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, 14, 204-208. doi:10.1016/j.siny.2009.01.005
After the Adolescent Pregnancy: Parents, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, (n.d.). Retrieved may 11 from http://www.hhs.gov/ash/oah/adolescent-health-topics/reproductive- health/stds.html#.U29g8D9OXj0
The human papillomavirus is the most common sexually transmitted disease. There are multiple strains of HPV and all have different symptoms, including genital warts. Cervical cancer can be caused by some of these strains. In the article “Should I Get My Daughter Immunized Against HPV” we learn that “According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are over 10,000 cases of cervical cancer identified in the United States each year that result in approximately 3,900 deaths per year” (Alderman-Oler, 2007). Fortunately, researchers have created a vaccine so that women will not have to worry about the risk of cancer or other scary symptoms.
This causes a lot of issues with even more people getting the disease because those they might have received it from an individual who did not know they were even carrying the disease (Henry, 2011). In this Case Study, I will go into detail on how we can make ethical decision making with this issue, and possibly develop a solution to stop this epidemic from spreading (Perlin, 2002). Case Study Patient X is a young mother about the age of 21, who already has a 3 year old girl, has just discovered that she now has HIV from a recurring drug problem. She was sharing drug needles with her drug distributor. The problem is patient X is pregnant again and fears that the baby will be born with the disease.
"Reports show vertical transmission rates ranging from 13% to 40%" (HIV InSite, 1995b). This translates into approximately 1,000-2,000 HIV-infected infants being born each year in the United States. Although transmission of HIV to a fetus can occur as early as the second month of development, research suggests that at least one half of vertically transmitted infections from non-breastfeeding women occur shortly after or during the birth process (HIV InSite, 1995a). Due to the seriousness of vertical transmission, there have been ... ... middle of paper ... ...d the Physician-Patient Relationship." AIDS & Ethics.
Being pregnant at a young age puts adolescent mothers at a higher risk for short and long-term complications. This can be either health or social complications. Teen pregnancy not only put the mothers at risk but also put the newborns at risk for low-birth weight, premature births, and developmental delays (Strunk, 2008). Every year, the average amount of dollars spent on teen pregnancy is about $11 billion in tax dollars. The majority of the cost goes to foster care and health care access due to the decreased incomes in teen pregnancy households.
Sur, S. D., & Raine-Fenning, N. J. (2009). The management of miscarriage.Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 23(4), 479-491. Swanson, K. M., Karmali, Z. A., Powell, S. H., & Pulvermakher, F. (2003).
Annually, 46 million babies die from abortion worldwide, that’s approximately one baby being aborted every two seconds says Dr. Craig. A. Kuhns. 98 percent of abortions take place because the child is unwanted or an inconvenience to the mother, and only 2 percent are taken place because of rape or incest. Since abortion was legalized in 1973 women across the world have took advantage of the legalization and have not been as thoughtful; abortion is used as the easy way out. After abortion was legalized teens have began to get the procedure and have experienced an emotional and physical impact; also the world economy has been changed dramatically.
SCOPE OF PROBLEM Unintended pregnancies among HIV positive women in low-income settings is a significant public health issue with implications for the health and well-being of women of childbearing age, their partners, and their children. According to the Global HIV/AIDS Response Progress Report (WHO, 2011), Swaziland is a priority country for eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Swaziland has the highest HIV prevalence in the world - nearly 26% of adults aged 15-49 in Swaziland are living with HIV. Among adults with HIV in Swaziland, 58% are women (UNAIDS, 2012). Further concerning is the high prevalence of HIV among young women who are reaching the peak of fertility.
Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptive Use in Adolescents: What are the Benefits? The high rates of unintended pregnancy are a concern in the United States and remain higher than in other developed countries. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] (2013) defines unintended pregnancy as “a pregnancy that is mistimed, unplanned, or unwanted at the time of conception”. An estimated fifty percent of all pregnancies in the US are unintended. These pregnancies result in 1.2 million abortions per year in our nation and are associated with an increased risk of health problems for both the woman and the newborns.