Sexually Transmitted Diseases During Pregnancy

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Introduction Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) now referred to as sexual transmitted infections (STI) because some people can be infected and infecting others but never show signs of the disease. Of the estimated 12 million new cases of STD/STIs, women are diagnosed with two-thirds of those cases each year in America. Contrary to popular belief, oftentimes, women are exposed to STD/STIs after just one contact with an infected partner. STD/STIs are of particular anguish among women because of the severe and life-threatening difficulties during pregnancy (Ford & Shimers – Bowers, 2009). STIs have become a significant public health problem, especially among minorities. STIs are highly prevalent among African American and Hispanic women and they cause maternal and perinatal morbidity (CDC, 2008). STIs can be the blame for a several adverse outcomes during pregnancy including abortion, premature birth, stillbirth, and low birth weight. Additionally, STIs has been proven to orchestrate the transmission of HIV and the prevalence of STIs varies among different groups of people. Thus there is a need for local community knowledge of the epidemiology of STIs by looking at and monitoring the prevalence of etiological agents. According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2010) and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2010), approximately two million women are impacted by sexually transmitted diseases each year in America. Some may not believe but pregnancy does not protect against STD/STIs therefore leaving pregnant women vulnerable to STD/STIs and the consequences are far more dangerous for them and their unborn fetus (CDC, 2008). This study conducted by the CDC (2008) determined that 3.2 million teenage females ... ... middle of paper ... ...ses/2008/03/080312084645.htm DiClemente, R. J., McDermott-Sales, J., Danner, F., Crosby, R. A. (2011). Association Between Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Young Adults’ Self-Reported Abstinence. Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. February, 2011; 127: 208-213. Ford, C. A., Shimer-Bowers, E. (2009). Living with Sexually Transmitted Disease. Facts on File Kershaw, T. S., Magriples, U., Westdahl, C., Schindler-Rising, S., & Ickovics, J. (2009). Pregnancy as a Window of Opportunity for HIV Prevention. American Journal of Public Health, November 99: 2079-2086. McMillan, J. A., Feigin, R.D., DeAngelis, C., & Jones, M. D. (2006). Oski’s Pediatrics: Principles & Practice. 2nd ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Talashek, M. L., Alba, M. L., & Patel, A. (2006). Untangling the Health Disparities of Pregnancy. Journal of Pediatric Nurses. 11:14 - 27

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