If however, these communities are included in the community development programmes and receive proper representation from local and central government, then the attitude and mindset of these individuals can change. Incarceration serves as a deterrent to crime, however, incarceration alone cannot effectively solve crime. Therefore, the justice system needs to incorporate supplementary programmes to better help in the rehabilitation of inmates. These programmes should seek to tackle the root of the problem so as to lower the chances of that individual re-offending. For example, if an individual committed an offense while under the influence of drugs, enrolling that individual in a drug rehabilitation programme can reduce that individual's chances of re-offending.
Some studies showed a positive correlation between the violent threats towards victims and their decision not to pursue charges or any other mediation (Artz, 2011). In other words, threatened violence by the offender directed towards the victim was a reason behind the victim failing to cooperate. Artz (2011) further notes studies performed in the 1990’s showed women may not follow through with the process due to the criminal justice process itself. The process is very time consuming and with multiple court dates, taking off work and finding adequate childcare can create issues (Artz, 2011, p. 8). These studies also found the problems that can occur with the service of protection orders, misunderstanding of the criminal justice system itself, and once again, being afraid of the offender, will serve as a determining factor in a victims’ willingness to cooperate with further court proceedings.
In today’s society the psychological and behavioral modification treatments used to manage juvenile sex offenders is also a growing concern. To understand and determine the proposed treatment methods, several related issues will need to be reviewed such as traditional sex offender therapy methods like cognitive therapy and alternative therapies like wilderness camps. Once, the juvenile sex offender becomes part of the justice system the cost of rehabilitated or incarcerating the juvenile also must be discussed. The disposition for juvenile sex offenders should be personalized to the offenders’ age, offense and mental health. How we choose these methods and if such treatment is more effective than incarceration are key issues to be discussed.
(2009). Wilderness therapy within an adolescent sexual offender treatment programme: A qualitative study. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 15(2), 161-177. Stermac, L. & Hucker, S. (1988). Combining cognitive-behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy in treatment of pedophilic incest offenders.
Each offender needs individualized therapy that will cater to the root cause of delinquency and each offender has different educational needs. Many offenders need therapy to change the way they think and how they view the world around them. These changes are not going to happen alone and cannot possibly happen with a cookie cutter program. In order to reduce the rate of recidivism and successfully reintegrate offenders into the community, all services must lead to the bettering of an individual and aiding them in successfully staying in the community, not simply reentering into the community.
Psychology, Crime & Law, 16(1), 47-64. Hendriks, J., & Bijleveld, C. (2008). Recidivism among juvenile sex offenders after residential treatment. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 14(1), 19-32. Lawing, K., Frick, P. J., & Cruise, K. R. (2010).
Child welfare workers are responsible to make decisions that directly benefit families; maintaining the best interest of the child(ren) involved. Thus, advocating for incarcerated parents is vital in working towards family success. When safety concerns are not present, we must advocate for visitations between children and their incarcerated parents as we have learned that this is necessary for the child’s sense of safety and wellbeing. In addition, parent and child visitations also assist with reducing the rate of recidivism. Disappointingly, the barriers discussed in this paper are a hindrance regarding reunification for many families.
“Reparative action (mending that which is broken or replacing that which is lost) can make a significant difference to people’s lives”, but “it is restorative action- acts that symbolize our renewed understanding of the sanctity of life, or our willingness to co-exist with each other- that brings lasting change and safer communities” (Lyubansky & Bartner, 2011). While the criminal justice system focuses on victims and their protections in sexual offenses, what about the protection of the offenders? Sex offenders are often demonized as a crazed monster or a sex craving, fiend and are singled out when put above any other offenders in society (McAlinden, 2007). Best (1990) states demonization occurs because the idea of a sex offender allows society to attached its fears and vulnerabilities to the victimized label, which is then blown out of
They are many challenges faced when managing sex offenders in the community. Policy makers have to worry about the offender’s risk and needs as well as the public safety and public perception. However, by measuring the individual risk factors and matching it with supervision that is best suitable for them and treatment strategies can help reduce an offender risk from reoffending. In Nathan’s situation, he is a 39-year-old Caucasian male, is under intensive supervision since he is a pedophile. He was involved with two previous relationships in which one of the women was his wife.
As the nature of sex crimes have long held the nation’s fascination, it represents only the tip of the iceberg as sex crimes seem to bring up more controversial questions than it answers. Because of our fear of sex offenders, the general public has been led to concentrate solely on the aspect of punishment as many bureaucrats have searched for different approaches to prevent sex offenders from re-offending again in order to improve public safety. Two main strategies that officials have tried to use to deter sex offenders are providing the option of chemical and/or surgical castration for sex offenders and lessening the caseloads of workers to ensure strict supervision of sex offenders. However, as sex offenders who were sentenced to prison eventually return to the community, the American Psychological Association believes that psychologists can treat the sex offenders as they attempt to fully reintegrate into society as law-abiding citizens (Kersting, 2003). This place an important role on community treatment of sex offenders’ rehabilitation as var... ... middle of paper ... ...c. 2014. .