Introduction The federal and state governments have laws which permit for the legal confinement of sex offenders deemed to pose a risk to themselves or others. In Kansas v. Hendricks (1997), the U.S. Supreme Court set forth the following criteria potential offenders must satisfy in order to be civilly committed: 1) a past of committing sexual offenses; 2) a mental disorder or impairment; 3) some form of volitional impairment; and 4) a significant risk of committing a sexual offense in the future. In order to satisfy the fourth criteria, governments have implemented the use of Actuarial Risk Assessment Instruments (ARAIs) such as the Static-99 and the Minnesota Sex Offender Screening Tool-Revised (MnSOST-R) (Miller, Amenta, & Conroy, 2005). A study by Boccaccini, Murrie, Caperton, and Hawes (2009) examines the reliance upon the STATIC-99 and MnSOST-R during a Texas screening process for sexual offenders to be civilly committed. The study sought to expand upon the minimal knowledge known of the predictive validity of the STATIC-99 and MsSOST-R in determining whether sexual offenders will recidivate upon release from incarceration.
This paper will examine the state of Alabama’s laws that govern conduct considered predatory and the state’s approach to sexual predators. Furthermore, the initial laws and any revision of said laws will be analyzed to evaluate what is considered predatory in Alabama. The punishment for the laws will be examined as well as the judges’ discretion in the sentencing process. The activity necessary for prosecution to pursuit the case such mere solicitation or actually physical interaction will be discussed as well. In the finally portion of the paper this author opinion will be give regarding Alabama Sexual predator... ... middle of paper ... ...immense amount of sex crimes, the law does help monitor sexual predators activity in manner that help in the offenders supervision.
15. pp. 279-290 Martin, R. (1996). Pursuing Public Protection Through Mandatory Community Notification of Convicted Sex Offenders: The Trials and Tribulations of Megan's Law. The Boston Public Interest Law Journal, Vol. 6, Issue 29 Oakes, S. (1999).
The book PERVERTS and PREDATORS: The Making of Sexual Offending Laws talks about the emerging of Perverts and Predators, and which types of people society labels “Pervert and Predators.” This essay will discuss the many different types of sex offenses that are considering a crime. It will then talk about some of the historical sexual offenders laws that have shaped society as a whole. It will also define the role religion plays on the emergence of new Sex offender’s laws that we have in contemporary societies. And finally talk about the emergence of some currents sex offenses laws we have in our nation. Before moving far we must understand the meaning of a pervert and a predator.
Combining cognitive-behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy in treatment of pedophilic incest offenders. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 6(2), 257-266. Turner, B. W., Bingham, J. E., & Andrasik, F. (2000). Short-term community-based treatment for sexual offenders: Enhancing effectiveness. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 7(3), 211-223.
(Gitlin) In jail, Miranda wrote a letter to the Supreme Court and made a request to have a retrial. The court agreed that Miranda should have a retrial without using the evidence collected when Miranda was unaware of his rights. Despite having a retrial, the court came across another important issue to be addressed, Miranda’s previous arrest. Miranda had been arrested before so the court argued the question of whether or not Miranda should have known his rights from when he was read his rights during his past arrest. Miranda argued that his rights were violated because he admitted to the crime without knowing his rights, which should have been said to him when he was arrested.
They prosecute all adults who commit felonies and juveniles who commit delinquent crimes. Conjointly, the prosecutors have further responsibilities, such as legal adviser of the country commissioners, the Board of Elections, and written admonition of the prosecutors. Police In today’s justice system, law enforcement contributes a significant role in the prosecution of criminals. Police officials use searches and seizures to inspect and collect evidence to convict an individual for suspect of crime. Though, previous to a search taking place, there must be a prerequisite of probably cause, that is, evidence of an illegal act.
A forcible rape you want to look at bruises semen stains or witnesses that may have heard screaming. Things like this are very important for an investigator to know to look for (Bennett & Hess, 71). As you can see there are many different steps in investigating crime scenes. It is very important that an officer follow the proper steps in an investigation. Failure to do this can result in a suspect to go free, possible charges against the department.
Australian Institute of Criminology, 2007, The identification of mental health disorders in the criminal justice system, prepared by Ogloff, J.R.P., Davis, M.R., Rivers, G. and Ross, S., Australian Institute of Criminology, Canberra. In this research bulletin commissioned by the Criminology Research Council, Ogloff et al. review the level of screening and the instruments used across jurisdictions to assess mental illness in justice agencies. Ogloff et al. intend to highlight the need and argue for a nationwide system of screening of all accused offenders taken into police custody, in order to identify those who require a comprehensive mental health assessment.
If incarceration is the punishment given, the person convicted will serve time in a local jail, county jail, state prison or federal prison” (1988 Drug Crimes). Before an offender can be convicted they must face a judge how will hand down there sentence after a trail with a jury. The jury will be the deciding factor in a trial, deeming the offender guilty or not guilty. There are different type of charges felonies and misdemeanors which are based on the seriousness of the crime. Murder, rape and tampering with evidence are all felonies.