Separation Anxiety Disorder Among Children and Adolescents

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This paper examines the various symptoms of Separation Anxiety Disorder among children and adolescents, the refusal of children diagnosed with Separation Anxiety Disorder to go to school, and the treatments that are used to treat this disorder. Studies have shown that Separation Anxiety Disorder is the third most common anxiety disorder among children. Symptoms are fairly easy to recognize, but must be addressed quickly. Refusal to go to school is one of the most significant consequences of this disorder. Treatments are being made available to children who suffer from this disorder and advances in research are being made. As human beings, we all have the capability of experiencing emotions and feelings. People can experience happiness, sadness, joy, sorrow, pain, excitement, and many other emotions. For example, how would one expect a child to feel if their parental figure got deployed to Iraq for a year? One feeling that is quite common, especially among adolescents and children is anxiety, more specifically, separation anxiety. Although many people are unaware of its existence, social anxiety disorder is the third most common psychiatric disorder, after depression and alcoholism, according to the Medical Research Council on Anxiety Disorders. Separation Anxiety Disorder (SAD) affects between 3% and 13% of adolescents (Eisen & Schaefer, 2005). While some people believe that separation anxiety is simply a fear of being alone that is caused by simple factors such as smothering a child or never leaving a child in the care of another human being, this disorder is a complex and multifaceted emotion that can be caused by several factors such as changes in the environment, stress, or the build of a family. This paper will focus on ... ... middle of paper ... ...iatry research. Works Cited Doobay, A. (2008). School refusal behavior associated with separation anxiety disorder: A cognitive-behavioral approach to treatment. Psychology in the Schools, 54, 261-272. Eisen, N. R., & Schaefer, C. E. (2005). Separation anxiety in children and adolescents, an individualized approach to assessment and treatment. The Guilford Press. Hughes, A. A., Furr, J. M., Sood, E. D., Barmish, A. J., & Kendall, P. C. (2009). Anxiety, mood, and substance use disorders in parents of children with anxiety disorders. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 40, 405-419. Kearney, H. A. (2001). Social anxiety and social phobia in youth, characteristics, assessment, and psychological treatment. Springer Verlag. Perwin, A.R., & Bernstein G.A. (2004). Anxiety Disorders. Children and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 4(2), 305-322.
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