(“Central Point” 23). Enraged with the death of Jim, around 650 protestors gathered again on March 7 and attempted a march through Selma to Montgomery, ignoring Governor Wallace’s orders not to march. They again met with state troopers and a crueler response. A wall of state troopers was formed at US Highway 80 to stop the march. After refusing the orders from the police to stop the march, the troopers took action.
On March 7 1965 policemen attacked 525 civil right demonstrators that took part in the march between Selma and Montgomery Alabama. The march was to let black people vote. The police used tear gas and charged on horseback into the crowds, there were more than 50 demonstrators injured. The day of the protest was named “Bloody Sunday”, and it was all over America broadcasted on national TV and in newspapers and Americans were very mad at how the authorities handled it. Even though people were hurt in bloody Sunday, 8 days after bloody Sunday President Lyndon B. Johnson presented a bill to congress that would turn into the black Voting Rights act of 1965.
In that year, King received the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1965, King and others organized a march to protest the blatant denial of African Americans' voting rights in Selma, Alabama, where the march began. Before the protesters were able to reach Birmingham, the state capital, they were attacked by police with tear gas and clubs.
As one visiting reporter stated, “Whites and blacks still walk the same streets. But the streets, the water supply, and the sewer system are about the only public facilities they share.” (Mayer 7). In mid-April, the rising tensions between the African American and Caucasian races led to a prolonged sequence of violent and peaceful protests, beginning on April 3rd and concluding in late September. Though Alabama Christian Movement f... ... middle of paper ... ...ic.galegroup.com>. “Fire Hoses and Police Dogs Quell Birmingham Segregation Protest.” The Washington Post, Times Herald.
Reverend King was arrested during one of the marches and his presence in jail attracted additional media attention to Selma. On February 18 the SCLC leader James Orange was arrested in Perry County. That evening hundreds of blacks gathered and marched on the jail. On the way they were attacked. Among the victims of the attacks were Jimmey Lee and his mother.
King and the activists of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to join their protest to gain the right for African-Americans to vote. There were 3 Selma to Montgomery marches held along a 54 mile long highway from Selma, Alabama to the state capital of Montgomery between January and March of 1965. The marches were enacted by nonviolent protesters to show the desire of African-American citizens to exercise their constitutional right to vote, in defiance of discrimination and segregation. Many violent activities took place during the time of the marches, which were denied by the police and other Alabama officials. Protestors were beaten, sprayed with tear gas, and a few were even shot and killed.
Plan 4 “the elimination” of the young civil right activist Michael Scherer who the Klan calls “Goatee”. Scherer became a target of the Ku Klux Klan for organizing the Meriden boycott and his determination to register blacks to vote. The Klan that Schwerner had a meeting on the evening of June 16 with members at Mount Zion Church in Longdale, Mississippi. Members of the church held a business meeting that evening and the 10 were leaving the church around 10 that night they met face to face with more than 30 Klansmen lined up with shotguns. Late that afternoon they were again stopped on a road by the same Neshoba County deputy sheriff who had arrested them earlier, this time assisted by a party of Ku Klux Klan.
Sitton, Claude. “Negro At Mississippi U. As Barnett Yields; 3 Dead In Campus Riot, 6 Marshals Shot; Guardsmen Move In; Kennedy Makes Plea.” New York Times 1 Oct. 1962: 1. Smith, Hendrick. “Johnson Is Fined.” New York Times 30 Sept. 1962: 1.
On May 2, 1963, over six hundred protesters were arrested, and the majority was teenage high schoolers. The next day, the police chief, Bull Conor, ordered his police officers to shoot the protestors with high-powered water hoses ordered their dogs to attack them. By the end of the march, only twenty people reached the City Hall. After the Birmingham demonstrations, the blacks gained support from the people from the North because they witnessed how violent the South was towards the black protestors. The CORE is for the Congress of Racial Equality and started the first series of Freedom Riders in May of 1961.
Edgar Daniel Nixon, head of the NAACP in Montgomery, posted a $100 bond to get her released. Although Mrs. Parks was not the first black person to get arrested for refusing to give up her seat on the bus, Mr. Nixon decided that she wouldn't be the last. He called a meeting of black leaders to see what action they should take. By the end of the meeting, the leaders agreed to call a one-day boycott of all the city buses for Monday Dec.5.