Stock Market Crash causes The Great Depression The stock market crash, one of the most miserable times in the history of the United States stock market. Well, the stock market had many investors who lost most of their money either by the banks or the stock market. The stock market crash caused the Great Depression by making investors and companies lose majority of their money. The Great Depression was the worst unprofitable 10 years in history. This worst time period lasted from 1929 to 1939 and it began after the stock market crashed in 1929.
The stock market did crash on October 29 1929. The Federal Reserve tried to do to much to stop the recession and in return brought on the recession that they were trying to stop (America). When the stock market crashed in October this day was known as “Black Tuesday.” On this day Americans saw their stocks lose a tenth of their value. The exact reason for why the stock market busted on this day are unknown (Delong 1). The stock market cras... ... middle of paper ... ...t of 1935, which raised personal income taxes on the highest income levels (America).
Although this day is considered the trigger to the massive economic fallout, the American and global economies had been in turmoil for six months prior to Black Tuesday, and many other factors contributed to what’s known as the worst economic crash in modern history. With few regulations on the stock market in the years leading up to the Great Depression, investors were able to buy stocks on margin, only requiring them to put down ten percent. This caused for wild speculation, and many people funneling their life savings into the stock market, which led to artificially high prices. After Black Tuesday, many people began to believe that the banking system in America was going to fail. Thousands flocked to the banks to withdraw their money.
Once Recession ended the GNP went up 7.9 percent in 1939. (Www.english.uiuc.edu) tells us that besides ruining many thousands of individual investors, this precipitous decline in the value of assets greatly strained banks and other financial institutions, particularly those holding stocks in their portfolios. Many banks were consequently forced into insolvency; by 1933, 11,000 of the United States' 25,000 banks had failed. The failure of so many banks, combined with a general and nationwide loss of confidence in the economy, led to much-reduced levels of spending and demand and hence of production, thus aggravating the downward spiral. “The result was drastically falling output and drastically rising unemployment; ... ... middle of paper ... ...its were contracting it; The Fed's inaction was the reason why the initial recession turned into a prolonged depression; The economy continually sank throughout Hoover's entire term.
This speculation and the resulting stock market crashes acted as a trigger to the already unstable U.S. economy. Due to the misdistribution of wealth, the economy of the 1920's was one very much dependent upon confidence. The market crashes undermined this confidence. The rich stopped spending on luxury items, and slowed investments. The middle-class and poor stopped buying things with installment credit for fear of loosing their jobs, and not being able to pay the interest.
The reasons were different than what you are thinking. The main reasons to lost billions of dollars, lost precious lives and lots of damages to the nation were the Stock Market Crashes. On Thursday October 24, 1929 and on Monday October 19, 1987, there was a crash of stock prices on New York stock Exchange. It was a huge crash of stock prices in a single day. Billions of dollars and a number of precious lives were lost.
But when banks started to crash that is when people started to panic and was trying to get their money back, millions of Americans lost fortunes. This caused companies to lose their values and no longer be able to afford to stay in business. William C. Durant joined the Rockefeller family and other financial giants to buy big stocks to prove to the people their assurance in the market but they failed to stop decline in prices. According to the website Globalyceum, US gross domestic product, in 1929 $103.6 billion, in 1930 $91.2, in 1931 $76.5, in 1932 $58.7, in 1933 $56.4. The total size of the American economy, restrained by gross local product, suddenly dropped following the crash on Wall Street from $103.6 billion to $66
It is easy to see that the Stock Market Crash was a horrible event for America. It led to the downfall of our economy and hurt many Americans. The Stock Market Crash eventually showed how strong America was because we were able to pull out of something so horrible and it led to the thriving economy we have today. Works Cited "Stock Market Crash of 1929." History.com.
The Dow Average a loss of 90% of its value between its record high close of 381.2 on September 3, 1929, and its following bottom of 41.22 on July 8, 1932. That was the worst market in terms of percentage loss in modern U.S. history. It would be another 25 years before the Dow was able regain its September 3 high. The stock market crash began on, October 24, 1929 the so called Black Thursday. The stock market opened at
1929 and 1939 was the deepest and longest-lasting economic decline in the history of the Western industrialized world. The Great Depression began, after the stock market crash of October 1929, which sent Wall Street into a panic and wiped out millions of investors. Over the next couple years, consumer spending and investments dropped, causing steep declines in industrial output and rising levels of unemployment as failing companies lay off their workers. In 1933, when the Great Depression reached its all-time low, 13 to 15 million Americans were unemployed and almost half of the country’s banks had failed. Though the relief and reform measures put into place by President Franklin D. Roosevelt helped lessen the worst effects of the Great Depression, the economy did not fully turn around until after 1939, when World War II kicked American industry into high gear.