Sections of The Soul

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The term Eudemonia is obviously a Latin word, the translation to English is not as clear as the origin of the word. Eudemonia is commonly translated to the English word happiness. Happiness is a decent definition of this term that Aristotle so elegantly defined. Eudemonia was not a solitary word or term it was not just one finite thing. Eudemonia was also used to describe success and prosperity. This definition explains Aristotle’s viewpoint of happiness after death. Aristotle was not saying that People are only truly happy after they have passed away but they are decided to be successful or unsuccessful in life after they have died. Aristotle argues that you cannot simply be successful or simply be happy, eudemonia is not a state of being it is a relation between happiness and success. In Greek society happiness was not a state of feeling the right way but instead happiness was considered a way of living the right way. For example, if someone is a butcher and he or she slaughtered the cattle, cut up the cattle into meat and sold the cattle then he or she has accomplished his or her duty to society. Fulfilling the duties of one’s role in society makes him or her successful or good at that task. Regardless of social roles, all humans share one common task, being a good person. Aristotle believed in something called the Golden Mean, a virtue that is considered equilibrium. Virtue is the fulcrum on which the extremities of excess and deficient set. Flourishing or happiness is a complete and sufficient product of living well and achieving prosperity. Happiness is not desired for any reason other than being happy. For example, a dog does not seek happiness so that it will get a treat, the dog seeks the treat so that it will be happy....

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...considered virtuous Aristotle had to define where the concept of virtue would resonate in the human soul. The soul is broken into three sections according to Aristotle the first is passion, all of the feelings, fears, dreams, and goals a person has. The second section is the part of the mind that perceives the world around an individual and provides the ways a person feels and acts in situations. The third division of the soul is character; this is where an individual’s beliefs are kept as well as well as the part of personality that shows how others perceive a person. No one can judge you rationally for the way you feel and cognitive ability to feel any emotion because in most cases how we feel is involuntary. Aristotle concludes that virtue is a part of character. Virtues are a state of a person’s character that lies between two extremes of excess and deficiency.
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