In this paper I will seek to explore, examine and eventually explain the role of sectarianism in creating and escalating the civil war in Syria. The match that lit the Syrian Civil War was the detention
and alleged torture of a group of teenagers who wrote anti-regime graffiti on a concrete wall, this escalated into violent protests that involved the sacking of a number of local government buildings that served
as symbols of regime power and therefore as symbols of Shiite power. The government in Syria responded by sending in the fourth armoured division to crush the revolt, the fourth armoured division is an almost all Shia division and the military successor of
the infamous “Defence Companies” created and employed by the exiled Rifaat Al-Assad, the brother of the now dead former president Hafez Al-Assad, the fourth armoured division is a stark representation of the sectarian nature of not only the Syrian Civil
War but of the modern Syrian state, the fourth armoured division is the most well equipped, the best trained and the largest division in the Syrian Army, and it’s sectarian make up is not a coincidence. The division serves as a bulwark against any potential
Sunni led coup, this has always been the primary threat to the Assad family rule and it is also how the Assad family came into power in the first place, so naturally they have been especially sensitive to threats from within the military. But to understand all of
these modern events, we need to take a moment and look into the history of modern Syria, how did a majority Sunni country come to be ruled by a Shiite dynasty in the first place?. The answer to this lies in the life of the now deceased former president.
Hafez Al Assad, was born into a poor rura...
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... solution to the conflict in Syria is one that will take many years of reconciliation, the most basic and immediately available answer for this problem is education, starting with Syrian children both inside the country and out, secular academic education
is essential to moving forward, the other solution will take longer and be harder to implement but it is just as effective if not more, and that is ethnic solidarity among Syrians, the Syrian people share a common ethnic and cultural heritage that goes back not
hundreds but thousands of years, for every difference there is a million similarities, this must be stressed to Syrians both young and old, their national, cultural and ethnic identity must come before their religious identity, it is the only way to not only unite but
eventually -through years if not decades of reconciliation, repair that divided country.