The fourth amendment of the constitution was written as “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized”. All this translates to people having the right to privacy and immunity of random inspections from the government, unless the inspector has a credible motive or a warrant. Under the fourth amendment, U.S. citizens possess the benefit of confidentiality. Additionally, citizens cannot be scrutinized nor have their selves and/or property confiscated without the issue of a warrant. Back in September 17, 1787, the framers incorporated this right into the constitution on behalf of the writs of assistance placing those who held one above the law. Anyone who was granted a writ could search and seize a person’s property without justification. For instance, officers could ransack someone’s property without notice or a reason, and tax collectors could use these writs to seize private property. This angered the colonist and led to the American Revolution. Therefore, to prevent these unreasonable searches and seizures, th...
The requirements of a police officer obtaining an impartial Court ordered search warrant have become a little blurred. It will be easier for the police to decide not to obtain a search warrant when they themselves deem that they have probable cause to believe drugs may be in a home. The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that when the police think they smell marijuana coupled with the sounds of what they believe could be the destruction of evidence, is reason enough for them to gain forced entry into a home without a search warrant while claiming probable cause and exigent circumstances.
Reasonable searches within the expectation of the law without a warrant should only be that which are viewable with the “naked-eye” based upon the decision upheld by the courts in California v. Ciraolo, 476 US 207 (1986). If evidence of Mr. Doe’s illegal actions are viewable from public space, then the Supreme Court could justify the use of said evidence. Unfortunately for the prosecutors, the evidence required the police department of Intrusia to demonstrate a significant disregard for the
From time to time, technology has changed the police and other law enforcement agencies with new devices for gathering evidence. Those new tools has made constitutional questions to arise. “The Fourth Amendment says that you have an expectation of privacy in your home and person.” This amendment protects individuals against unreasonable searches and seizures. In the case of DLK versus the United States, DLK felt his Fourth Amendment rights were violated when law enforcement took thermal images of his home to detect heat without a warrant. Based on this information, law enforcement was able to obtain a warrant and upon finding marijuana growing in his home, he was arrested.
For one to understand this subject, one must first know what the Fourth Amendment is. The Fourth Amendment is part of the Bill of Rights. It restricts any searches and/or seizures to be performed unless given consent by a person, warrant, or under probable cause. The Fourth Amendment specifically addresses the right for a person to
Improper search and seizure violates an individual’s 4th Amendment rights to security of person, property and privacy. Riley v. California 573 U.S. (2014).
The Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution provides citizens and corporations protection from unreasonable search and seizure. Furthermore, it secures a person’s rights to be secure in their person’s, homes, and personal so that unreasonable or unauthorized searches cannot lead to the seizure of property to be used against a person as evidence. In order for a search to be considered reasonable a search warrant must be approved by a judge. A court will issue a search warrant in the event that a government official seeking the warrant can show probable cause, or in other words, proof (based on known facts) that the search may in fact uncover evidence of criminal activity. If and when a search warrant is granted, it is issued for the search
The officers can obtain a search warrant for the non-suspect home with probable cause. Probable cause is the minimum amount of evidence necessary for a search, seizure or arrest to be proper under the Fourth Amendment (Hall, 2016.) There is no universal definition of probable cause (Hall, 2016.) The definition of probable cause can differ depending on the context (Hall, 2016.)
The law specifically states that in order for a warantless search to be conducted, the offical in question must have a valid reason as to why they conducted a warantless search. For example, if a polic officer receives reports that there is a strong scent of marijuana emanting from an induval's home. He or she can conduct a warantless search to veerify the accuracy of the complaint. In a situation like this, if the polic officer finds marijuana, the defendant can bee charged nonetheless. However, if a polic officer randondly searches a home and finds marijunaa, simply because they suspected that the iindvual may have marijuana in said houshold, this in essence would be categorized as an illegal searrch and seizure. Said in simple terms, if the law enforcement official did not havee a justitabble reason as to why they decided to search you or your propertyu without a warrant it is unconsitiaiton and as such
The Fourth Amendment establishes a right that assures the security of the people in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unconstrained governmental searches and seizures (GRAY 2016). This means that an officer must develop probable cause that a crime has been committed and therefore must acquire a search warrant to conduct a search of a person, houses, papers, and effects. The government must also possess probable cause to seize any person or property. There is a rule that helps discourage the government from violating peoples fourth amendment rights called the exclusionary rule (Bohm & Haley 2012). This rule
3 Like above, using drug-sniffing dogs to check someone’s front yard around their house also requires a search warrant. The fourth amendment of the U.S constitution protects the general public from the unreasonable searches and seizures extending a house’s surrounding or the inside of the house. No police officer can violate this law except in case they break the rule by himself and be a part of a crime.
The issue in this case was on whether or not the police officials had probable cause to search the container in the individual’s car, and if they acted in the correct way when searching it. The court needed to identify if it was necessary for the officers to search the bag at the moment that it was found. The officers were unable to detect the marijuana when the trunk was first opened because it was in the brown bag. In that case, it could be considered the searching of someone’s luggage. A person’s luggage is considered to be more personal than their car because it is hidden from the public. A case brief states,
One exception to the warrant requirement of the Fourth Amendment is a search incident to a lawful arrest. A search incident to lawful arrest requires a valid arrest as a foundation for conducting a search following an arrest (Ingram, 2009). In this particular type of arrest, a police officer will first begin the process by obtaining full control over an individual. Once the officer obtains full control over the individual he or she will then determine where, when, and how the person will either move from or stay in a particular area (Ingram, 2009). The next move is for the officer, after detaining the individual in question, is to then search the individual to find incriminating evidence. It is important to note that this type of search is actually permitted under the law.