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In a small café on a cool frosty night, in a remote Italian town. It is here at the back of the room with a flickering candle in the middle of the table where we notice a small gathering of theorists sitting around a small table. It is here that Cesare Beccaria, Emile Durkheim, and Cesare Lombroso have come to discuss crime, punishment, and their theories regarding this topic. They recount their history, thoughts, and the processes underlying what they had discovered. Lombroso: Good Evening Emile and Cesare, I hope you are both well? [Durkheim and Beccaria nod an acknowledgement to Lombroso] Beccaria: Good Evening Emile and Cesare, I am well for a man of retirement age! How are both of you? Durkheim: Good evening, fellow theorists … I am well, and have been looking forward to this meeting tonight… It is a wonderful opportunity to debate and discuss our positions. Lombroso and Beccaria [nod in agreement]. Yes… Yes… Durkheim: well I shall start this reminiscing about our theories and sociological understandings discoveries… As you are aware, I am more of a social thinker. In my studies, I looked more at the biological build of our human race. In addition, how this relates to the crime our societies have been witness too (Turner, 2006). To me this behaviour occurs when there was a break down in society and as such, a rapid change within it occurred But Lombroso, we all know that you were the first to consider the human behaviour, and it was you who made me want to look at this further and delve deeper into it. Lombroso: Thank-you for that Emile... and so true I have been interested in the behaviour of the individual and how this manifests in society. With my research, I have come to believe that there are three t... ... middle of paper ... ... REFERENCES Beccaria, C. (1767/1994). On Crimes and Punishment. In C. Beccaria, Classics of Criminology (pp. 227-86). Prospect Hills,IL: Waveland Press. Bernard, T, Snipes, J, Gerould, A. (2010). Volds theoretical criminology 6th ed. Oxford University Press: Oxford Durkheim, E. (Orig. 1895; Reprint, 1994). The Normal and the Pathological. In Reprinted in Joseph E Jacoby, Chap 13 The Rules of the Sociological Method (pp. 84-88). Prospect Hills, IL: Waveland Press. Hale, C, Hayward, K, Wahidin, A, Wincup, A (2005) Criminology. Oxford University Press: Oxford Lombroso, C. (1911). Introduction. In Criminal Man (pp. 21-30). Montclair, NJ: Patterson Smith. Turner, B. (2006). The Cambridge dictionary of sociology. University press: Cambridge. Walklate, S. (2007). Understanding Criminology 3rd ed. Open University Press: England.
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