Burning of fossil fuels contribute to a highly carbon dioxide emissions, which causes global warming. Coal has been using as the largest and primary resource of fossil fuel for generating the electricity, heat, and industrial purposes. Due to the high content of carbon dioxide in coal, it produces a high percentage of carbon dioxide emission into the atmosphere more than other fossil fuels, when it is combusted (Biologicaldiversity.org, 2014). By 2012, 41 percent of global electricity is generated by coal-fired power plants and it accounts for 39 percent of U.S electricity, which is equal around 83 percent of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States (Worldcoal.org, 2014). Furthermore, the second largest source of carbon dioxide producer is petroleum, which emits about three-fourths of carbon dioxide as combustion of coal (Biologicaldiversity.org, 2014).
Environmental health, climate change, acid rain, and air pollution are among the top problems with fossil fuel production and consumption. (http://environment.about.com/library/weekly/aa050700.htm) Fossil fuel use creates severe impact on the environment in all stages of use: recovery, transportation, preparation/refining, storage, and end use. Recovery, the first stage is basically the process of coal mining. This includes the destruction of topsoil, and the risk of gushers or accidents. Also, recovery leads to discolored local creeks and rivers because of the acidic run-off of these waters (Lecture 3/11/02).
Now there is a big push for clean coal and these power plants have mostly accomplished that. The power plants have scrubbers, covered in limestone that remove or “ scrub” the sulfur oxide, nitrogen oxide and other harmful chemicals out of the coall Also acid rain is often mistaken by people to be “ green rain that burns you when it contacts your skin and body” but that is incorrect. Acid rain looks just like your normal precipitation, no color , and can only be see the effects on other surfaces. Acid Rain kills the trees indirectly periphrastically by damaging the leaves and depriving the trees of nutrients. The purpose of this experiment was to determine if location affects the PH of rainwater.
Union of Concerned Scientists. "Environmental Impacts of Hydroelectric Power." Accessed April 10, 2014. http://www.ucsusa.org/clean_energy/our-energy-choices/renewable-energy/environmental-impacts-hydroelectric-power.html#references. Victoria’s climate change website. "Greenhouse gas emissions."
Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) is released by fossil fuels when they undergo combustion. Power plants and other fossil fuel burning industrial areas release various forms of nitrous oxides (Nox). These two chemical compounds combine with the water in the atmosphere to form what is known as acid rain. The main reason that has prompted legislation of industrial emissions from governments is because of the negative effects they can have on the environment. Acid rain is harmful to the environment because of it's low pH.
"A Tropical Deforestation and Global Warming: A Solution." http://www.ucsusa.org Union of Concerned Scientists, 2011. Web. May 1, 2014 Leiserowitz, Anthony. "Climate Change in the Public Mind."
Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http://www.mfe.govt.nz/publications/climate/impacts-agriculture-sep01/ Cyanamide. (2014, May 4). Wikipedia. Retrieved April 6, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyanamide
There are other hazards happening because we are throwing away so much stuff that companies have to remake all of those products. Incinerators are places where waste is burned to ashes and if we recycle these can go away. Incinerators cause sulfur dioxide, carbon m... ... middle of paper ... ...obal Garbage” New York: Impact Visuals Inc. 1992 Print “GreenPeace”. Greenpeace.org. 2014 Greenpeace U.S.A 22 April 2014 http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/en/campaigns/.
"Climate Change: Carbon Dioxide Levels In World's Air Reach 'Troubling Milestone'" The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 31 May 2012. Web. 21 May 2014. "Consequences of Global Warming - Global Warming Effects | NRDC.