Schizophrenia Essay

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Schizophrenia is a mental disorder categorized as a breakdown of thought processes, and by impaired emotional responses to different stimuli. The origin of Schizo originates from the Greek roots skhizein which means "to split", and phren, phren- ,"mind"; but schizophrenia does not signify a split personality , nor is a multiple personality disorder. Rather, the terms “ to split” and “mind” implies a splitting of mental functions, because of the symptomatic presentation of the illness. According to the DSM-IV, schizophrenia symptom characteristics involve a scale of cognitive and emotional dysfunctions, but the symptoms aren’t pathognomonic to the disorder. Because the disorder is a combination of signs and symptoms related to impaired occupational or social functioning. People who suffer from the disorder will show differences in signs and symptoms. Common symptoms include delusions, such as paranoid beliefs; hallucinations; disorganized thinking; and negative symptoms, such as blunted affect and avolition (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Schizophrenia causes significant social and vocational dysfunction. Genetics, early environment, neurobiology, and psychological and social processes appear to be important contributory factors; some recreational and prescription drugs appear to cause or worsen symptoms.
There are four subtypes associated with schizophrenia. They include paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, and undifferentiated. The paranoid type includes delusion and hallucinations of being in danger or being watched; but there are no signs of disorganized speech, disorganized or catatonic behavior or flat or inappropriate affect (Craighead et. al. 2008, p. 407). The disorganized subtype show signs of disorganized spee...

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...fore, a healthy person must be able to formulate true meaning and translate them into symbols based on their personal experiences and if of their surroundings. According to Hasson-Ohayo, there needs to be two subjective beings to create metacognitive abilities. Therefore, treatment must include an awareness and exploration of intersubjective conversations. Based on the understanding that in life and in psychotherapy exists two intersubjective motives. The first motive being understanding other’s intentions and feeling; the second being the need for self-identity and self-cohesion (Hasson-Ohayon, I. 2012, p. 362). And people with schizophrenia lack the ability to comprehend and process these two intersubjective motives. Thus, a proper treatment need to include such approach along with a CBT based therapy to fully integrate a person with schizophrenia into reality.