It will discuss the symptoms and treatment for the disorder in a non-scientific, more familiar way. There are many different sub-types of schizophrenia with the paranoid type being the most well-known and common-place sort. Some of the signs and symptoms of the illness include audio and visual hallucinations; people hear and see things that are not there. In most cases, individuals also suffer from delusions; these people think that other people whether it be friends, family or even strangers are plotting against them to do them harm in some way. Other psychological symptoms of schizophrenia include distractibility, and a poor attention span [2-5].
Kraepelin also separated dementia praecox from manic depressive illness, or bipolar disorder (Barlow, P.470). The term “Schizophrenia” was first coined by Eugen Bleuer, a psychiatrist from Switzerland. The term comes from the Greek words “skhizein” meaning “split” and “phren” meaning “mind”. Bleuer stated that beneath the signs of having the disorder, there was an associative splitting of the basic functions of personality. While Kraepelin focused on early onset and poor outcomes, Bleuer highlighted what he believed to be the universal underlying problem.
Schizophrenia is an illness. The symptoms of schizophrenia usually last a lifetime. Persons suffering from schizophrenia have a distorted perception of reality which includes hallucinations and delusions affecting their thinking. They also have what are called negative symptoms; these include social withdrawal and blunted affect. Along with the thought and affect, there is also cognitive dysfunction.
Unlike other illnesses, it marks not only afflicted individuals, but also their relatives (96). Types and Symptoms of Schizophrenia: It is important to understand that there are different types of this mental illness as well. According to Hoffer, The different types are: paranoid, catatonic, disorganized, undifferentiated and the residual type. In cases like paranoid type, auditory hallucinations an... ... middle of paper ... ...ew perspectives on the neurodevelopment hypothesis of schizophrenia”. Psychiatric Annals.
6) Levin, S., Yurgelun-Todd, D. and Craft, S. (1989). 'Contributions of clinical neuropsychology to the study of schizophrenia', Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 341-356. 7) Levine, J., Barak, Y. & Granek, I. (1998) Cognitive therapy for paranoid schizophrenics: Applying cognitive dissonance, Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 12, (1), 3-12.
In people with schizophrenia, auditory hallucinations are the most common (McCance, 2010). Delusions are beliefs that are false and resistant to reason and fact. The most common type of delusions in people with schizophrenia are grandiose and persecutory delusion (Lepage, Bodnar, and Bowie, 2014). Negative Symptoms Negative symptoms of schizophrenia can be described as deficits of healthy, normal behavior. The negative symptoms that are considered diagnostic of schizophrenia are affective flattening (a lack of emotional response), poverty of content/speech, and the loss of motivation or interests (McCance, 2010).
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British Journal of Medical Psychology 46: 359–363. Wiersma D., Jenner J. A., van de Willige G., Spakman M., Nienhuis F. J. (2001) Cognitive behaviour therapy with coping training for persistent auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia: a naturalistic follow-up study of the durability of effects. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica.
Schizophrenia is a serious, chronic mental disorder characterized by loss of contact with reality and disturbances of thought, mood, and perception. Schizophrenia is the most common and the most potentially sever and disabling of the psychosis, a term encompassing several severe mental disorders that result in the loss of contact with reality along with major personality derangements. Schizophrenia patients experience delusions, hallucinations and often lose thought process. Schizophrenia affects an estimated one percent of the population in every country of the world. Victims share a range of symptoms that can be devastating to themselves as well as to families and friends.
Typically, the patient exhibits prodromal signs such as social isolation and withdrawal, role impairment, eccentric behavior, decreased affect, and disregard for personal hygiene. These then generally give way to intermittent psychotic episodes with intervening, sometimes long negative symptom periods. The so called positive symptoms of schizophrenia include disordered thinking and memory; the patient may display incoherent speech and rapid shifting to unrelated ideas. Delusions and false or bizarre beliefs, hallucinations, and perceptual difficulties also comprise the symptomology. Schizophrenic persons usually have an absence of feeling, a sense of remoteness and inappropriate reactions.