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Schizophrenia

Satisfactory Essays
Schizophrenia & It’s History

The purpose of this paper is to explore schizophrenia as a psychological disorder. Schizophrenia is a chronic and usually serious mental disorder affecting a variety of aspects of behavior, thinking, and emotions (DSM-IV-TR., 2001). Schizophrenia is one of the most disabling and puzzling mental disorders (Pierangelo & Giulani, 2007). Individuals with this disorder may experience delusions and hallucinations, in which case they are considered psychotic (Chan & Chen, 2011). Schizophrenics may also experience social withdrawal and disinterest.

The term “schizophrenias” was first brought up by Paul Eugen Bleuler, a swiss psychiatrist in 1911 (DSM-IV-TR., 2001). Blueler believed there was a “split or multiple personality” in the minds of schizophrenics (VandenBos, 2007). He had a mnemonic for his description of this disorder, it came to be known as Bleuler’s Four A’s (DSM-IV-TR., 2001). The four A’s described the four areas that this order creates a disturbance in. The first one, affect, includes facial expression and vocal tone which express emotions. A schizophrenic may be have a flat, blunt expression a lot of the time. The second A is association, particularly loose association. That means thoughts loosely go together or do not relate to one another at all. Ambivalence is the third A in Bleuler’s Four A’s. Ambivalence deals with conflicting ideas, feelings or attitudes toward a person or situation. The final disturbance in his mnemonic is autism. He believed that all that were schizophrenic were also autistic.

Subtypes of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia as a mental disorder has five subtypes; paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, undifferentiated and residual. The paranoid type happens later t...

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... A. & Münchau, A. (2012), The pathophysiology of

echopraxia/echolalia: Relevance to Gilles De La Tourette syndrome. Movement

Disorders, 27: 1222–1229. doi: 10.1002/mds.25103

Miyamoto, S., Duncan, G., Marx, C., & Lieberman, J. (2005). Treatments for schizophrenia: a

critical review of pharmacology and mechanisms of action of antipsychotic drugs.

Molecular Psychiatry (Vol. 10, pp. 79-104). Nature Publishing Group.

Pierangelo, R. & Giulani, G. (2007). EDM: The educator's diagnostic manual of disablities and

disorders. San Francisco, California: John Wiley & Sons, Inc..

VandenBos, G. R. (2007). APA dictionary of psychology. Washington, DC: American

Psychological Association.

Veague, H. (n.d.). Stages of schizophrenia. -Schizophrenia- The Course of Schizophrenia-.

Retrieved March 5, 2014, from

http://www.health.am/psy/more/stages-of-schizophrenia/
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