Schizophrenia

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Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a metal illness which is characterized by a

disruption in cognition and emotion that affects the most fundamental

human attributes, such as thought, perception, language, and the

sense of self. There are a large number of symptoms of schizophrenia

which can include hearing internal voices, hallucinations, and

delusions. No single symptom can diagnose a person as schizophrenic,

but rather the collection of multiple symptoms which persist for a

prolonged period of time. Symptoms of schizophrenia are divided into

two categories, positive and negative. These categories define how

the symptoms are defined and treated. Positive symptoms include

delusions, hallucinations, disorganized behavior, disorganized speech

and thinking, difficulty to be goal oriented, the schizophrenic is

unpredictable, silly, or exhibits behaviors that are bizarre to

onlookers. Other positive symptoms include catatonic behaviors, which

would be a decrease in reaction to the current environment. Positive

symptoms, which do not occur very often, are unusual motor behavior,

derealization, depersonalization and somatic preoccupations. Negative

symptoms of schizophrenia include affective flattening, which is a

reduction in the range and intensity of emotional expressions, Alogia

categorized by a lessening of speech fluency and productivity, and

Avolition, which is the reduction, or difficulty to initiate and

persist in goal directed behavior. Schizophrenia is a serious

mental illness, and although there is no known cure there are several

drugs that can be administered to those suffering from the illness to

reduce the severity of the symptoms, or to hopefully get rid of all

of the s...

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