Saving the Chesapeake Bay

2016 Words9 Pages
Introduction

The Chesapeake Bay is a large estuary located on the east coast of the United States. The bay is over 200 miles long and goes through Delaware, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia. The bay has much to offer the locals. Many locals have made a career out of harvesting the bay's sea food. The bay's harvest and many of its other attractions bring tourists and in turn revenue for the area. Oysters and blue crab are a big part of the culture in the bay area. However, these organisms are in danger and need help.

Description of the problem

Eutrophication is a concern in the Chesapeake Bay. Eutrophication is caused by excessive amounts of nutrients. Excessive nutrients in the bay have negative affects on the bay's ecosystem. The extra nutrients make the environment unbalanced. The extra nutrients cause a chain reaction that depletes oxygen and kills most of the organisms in that area. This is what is known as a dead zone.

Organization of the paper

First the causes of the dead zone will be introduced. Large contributors of excessive nutrients will be discussed. There is not one source to blame the Chesapeake Bay dead zone is a large problem with many variables that effect each other. Next the pressure that is put on the bay and its organisms will be discussed. A picture of what you might find out in the dead zone will be painted. The reality of the rapidly declining organism populations will be understood. Third, the possible solutions will be explained. Since this is a multiple variable problem there are many potential solutions that may or may not work. Last the lack of action will be observed. There are many solutions that could bring the bay back to life but the cost and lack of effort fr...

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...will see more progress than when the scientific community is left to solve all the problems. The only way we will see results is if everyone pulls together and assists in conquering this problem. People better pull together quick before the bay is left for dead.

Works Cited

Baker, William C., and Tom Horton. "Runoff and the Chesapeake Bay." GreenFILE. EBSCO, Nov.-Dec. 1990. Web. 1 Mar. 2014.

Jacobson, Rebecca. "Oysters Reclaim Ancient Reefs in the Chesapeake." PBS. PBS, 25 Sept. 2013. Web. 18 Mar. 2014.

Powledge, Fred. "Chesapeake Bay Restoration: A Model of What?" GreenFILE. EBSCO, Dec. 2005. Web. 1 Mar. 2014.

Virginia Institute of Marine Science. "'Dead zone' impacts Chesapeake Bay fishes." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 8 July 2013.

Winegrad, Gerald. "Bay Agreement Efforts Are Foundering.". Chesapeake Bay Action Plan, 16 Dec. 2013. Web. 18 Mar. 2014.
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