Pure freedom can only lead to disaster. In Lord of the Flies, William Golding demonstrates that when civilisation falls away and individuals are left to their own immediate desires, anarchy ensues in its most savage form. Golding uses the character development of Jack from civilized to savage, and the events leading to the deaths of Simon and Piggy to emphasize this theme. Jack, when first introduced is a nice choir boy, however throughout the novel after he the isolation from civilisation, progressively develops into an evil bloodthirsty savage while tending to his personal desires. After Jack’s failed attempt at leadership shortly after the arrival on the island, he becomes more and more obsessed with the desire of hunting and killing of pigs.
The pig was brutally stabbed by Jack and his hunters in a frenzy, as the pig squealed in pain. This act of savagery solidifies the loss of innocence and the embracement of evil. Simon hallucinates the head talking to him. “You knew, didn’t you? I’m part of you?
This property is shown especially by Roger in Lord of the Flies. In the beginning ... ... middle of paper ... ...w true moral behaviour is stamped out by the majority, who are all immoral and like to bully and kill the weak. In the end, there is no hope for true spiritual purity. Humans are naturally immoral, and the only reason that they are moral is because civilization bred it into them. As we see in Lord of the Flies, all of the boys except Simon feel the urge to destroy and kill.
These masks also let the boys hide f... ... middle of paper ... ...s when Ralph points out, “There’s going to be a storm.” This slowly builds us up to Simon’s death. We Can see that even Ralph and Piggy have a savage side as they, “found themselves eager to take place in this demented but partly safe society.” This demonstrates Goldings view that everyone has a savage side to them. At Simon’s murder the boys, “Leapt on to the beast, screamed, struck, bit and tore.” This clearly shows us that the boys are completely barbaric and have no self-conciseness. The reason why Golding did not inform us straight away that Simon was the beast was because he wanted us to try and see things from the boys’ perspective. As Simon was trying to tell the boys that the beast did not exist, his death symbolises that mankind can’t face the truth about their inner desires.
Most of the boys follow Jack’s lead because they probably do not want to get on his bad side; however. they need to what Jack wants so they do not get potentially killed by him. Ever since Jack lost his innocence, his evil impulses control a lot of what he is doing: “‘They hate you, Ralph. They’re going to do you.” “They’re going to hunt you tomorrow.’” (Golding 188). Jack’s innocence is completely lost when he decides that he wants to kill Jack for no good reason.
William Golding Lord of the Flies articulates the idea evil residing within every human through three characters. Jack is a boy who forgets about morals and compassion right after he is marooned. He becomes a deranged individual who destroys anything that stands in his path. Roger was directly influenced by Jack he represents the characteristics of sadism, bloodlust and cruelty which resides within every human heart. Ralph is a character who desperately tries to remain civilized and cultured but he eventually gives into his natural villainous instincts.
This shows how quickly Jack changed from a young, polite boy to a violent and sadistic savage. After Robert was used as a pig in the boys’ game of hunting, the boys thought that the game was extremely enjoyable and that they would do it again. After Robert was seriously injured, he says to the boys, “‘You want a real pig because you’ve got to kill him.’ ‘Use a littlun,’ said Jack, and everybody laughed” (Golding 165). In other words, Jack suggests that they should literally kill a littlun so that the boys can reenact what happened when they killed a pig. Before, Jack could not bring himself to even kill a pig.
Jack says to the group of young, impressionable boys that "We’ve got to have rules and obey them. After all, we’re not savages. "(Golding 32)However, in the following chapters Jack is the leader of the tribe and encourages the boys to forget civilization and act upon their primitive instincts. They ignore the laws that they all have agreed to follow while on the island and commit heinous crimes against humanity, such as torture against both humans and animals, and murder. They no longer act like English schoolboys who are the best at everything, but like savages.
This sends the boys into disarray. By the end of the novel the boys are outright savages and have forsaken all rules set by society. The boys are civilized at the initiation of the book. They are following the rules as well as keeping the peace. An illustration of these civil acts is the conch shell.
These two boys can be compared by the way they change, the reason for their actions, and the way they use or abuse power. Both of the boys change a lot during their stay on the island. Ralph begins the novel as a leader and role model to the other boys. But eventually, the group gives in to savage instincts and Ralph's position as leader declines quickly as Jack's position as leader rises. By the end of the novel, Ralph becomes the prey of Jack's bloodthirsty group, and at the very end of the novel "Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man's heart, and the fall through the air of a true, wise friend called Piggy"(Golding 225) to show that he will never change, he has found the evil that lurks within all human beings.