The V-2 was a ballistic missile with a supersonic speed and, when the war ended, the United States and Soviet Union took the scientists that created it to use them for their own developments. By August 1957, the U.S.S.R. had effectively tested the R-7 Semyorka, the first ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile). The R-7 was used two months later to launch the Sputnik 1 in space. At this point the Soviet Union was ahead in the space race. Not happy with that, President Eisenhower demanded that the Navy launch an American satellite as soon as possible.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration started as a civilian space exploration program with the role of dominance over space exploration for the United States. The program was termed as NASA was created in 1958 and by 1969 the Apollo crew had walked on the moon. However due to budget constraints the program became part of the Air force. In 1970 Nixon approved the Space Transportation System (STS) the shuttle program has is first steps to becoming a dominate force within space exploration. A new fuel system was developed to help reduce cost that consisted of a mix of solid and liquid fuel system.
With the great reduction n the government money backing the space industry the United States must change to having private companies create jobs, create financing and create a new space industry. “The Commercial Orbital Transport Services program, or COTS, as the the Federal government’s best kept secret,” (Autry). COTS is the first private program that sells private orbital rides to passengers. This is the first step in creating an entire industry to privately held companies controlling the travel to space. In the late 1960’s and 1970’s NASA was still running off of their glory from winning the space race against the Soviet Union by putting a man on the Moon.
The Soviets took an early lead with the launch of Sputnik 1 on October 4, 1957. The most popular event of the space race was the Apollo 11 moon landing. In April 1972, the tension was cooled down due to an agreed co-operative Apollo-Soyuz Project, which lead the way to an American Astronaut and Soviet Cosmonaut meeting in orbit, and further co-operation between the USSR and the US. Let's start a bit earlier and get a more detailed view. The roots of the space race began back in the early 1930s, shortly before Nazi Germany came to power.
John F. Kennedy once said, “We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard.” This quote summarized what had been in progress for the past two decades. On the fourth of October, 1957, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R) launched Sputnik 1 into space, unintentionally also launching a contest between the two greatest nations for technological supremacy, also known as the ‘space race’. This race, just under two decades, would transform technology in medicine, communication, safety, and comfort, into what we know today. This is the beginning of the space age. Prior to the space race, technology in the U.S. could be considered what we would now call primitive.
What happen the days before and day of the lunch? It was a full year before Challenger was going to be launched; a major fault was discovered in the design of the solid rocket boosters (Stathopoulos, V. 2014). Did NASA use a flawed database in its decision to launch the Space Shuttle Challenger or did they mismanage the meeting with the Group Decision Support System (GDSS). NASA uses this system to make decisions when it comes to the space shuttles launches. The (GDSS) knew that the temperature was too low to launch (Forrest, J.
This created concern for NASA and Morton Thiokol, the company where the rocket boosters for the Challenger were made, regarding the functionality of the rocket boosters. Morton Thiokol engineers cautioned the company to delay the launch, so they contacted NASA and explained their concerns. Eager to accomplish the launch, NASA asked Morton Thiokol to reassess the issues. Morton Thiokol and NASA had a meeting, with exclusion of the engineers, regarding the low temperatures. Without the engineers’ vocal opinions in the meeting, the managers of Morton Thiokol consented for NASA to proceed with the launch of Challenger on January (Robison et al 62).
The Importance of the Missile Defense Program The government still didn't think of missile defense as a serious subject until October 4, 1957, when the Soviets launched their first satellite (Sputnik) into space on the top of a multi-stage missile. This was a big deal because the Soviets showed they had the technology to launch large objects into space. So what would have stopped them from launching a rocket at the United States? A few weeks after the Sputnik launch the U.S. attempted their very own satellite launch with the Vanguard rocket, which ended in disaster blowing up on the launch pad. In January 1958 the Pentagon lifted the ban on Army missile launches, which helped the U.S. send Explorer I satellite into space.
The Soviets successful launch shocked the whole world, giving the Soviet Union the respect for putting the first man-made object into outer space. The Americans successfully launched their first satellite four months after Sputnik I, called the Explorer I. The US would have had the first satellite in orbit if they were allowed to use military rockets from the beginning. But, Eisenhower was worried he would be called a warmonger if he used military rockets for launching a satellite into orbit. He told the sci... ... middle of paper ... ...faster than the Soviets during the Space Race.
Later on in 1907 Murphy realized that the future was motor vehicles and decided to turn the buggy company into Oakland Motor Company. They now go by Pontiac Motors again. Shortly after in 1909 General Motors bought the company when Murphy died and the first car came out in 1926 it was a 5 passenger motor coach with a six cylinder motor meant to outrun a four cylinder vehicle. Saturn was founded on January 7th, 1985 by Joseph Sanchez. Unfortunately I could not find information on their first vehicle released.