Reutter scouted Haydn as a choirboy and took him to Vienna, where he stayed for the next nine years and earned himself tuition in violin, clavier, and in singing. Haydn’s voice naturally “broke” around 1749 and was consequently dismissed by St. Stephens, leaving him penniless and homeless in the streets of Vienna. He couldn’t have been any place better in the world being a broke musician than in Vienna, where aristocratic families demanded fine musicians for their courts. He freelanced taking several odd jobs to scrape by; he mentored children, played violin for street bands and took the time to teach himself composition. He made a name for himself and first caught the attention of Count Ferdinand Maximillian von Morzin in 1759 and thus gained steady employment at his court.
By the time he came back to Vienna, Mozart had died so Beethoven sought help from Hadyn, another German composer. He became Beethoven’s second mentor and taught him new styles of music. Beethoven did his first shows in Vienna in 1795. He was the first composer that was not supported by wealthy persons; instead Beethoven supported himself with money from selling his music. By 1778, Beethoven started hearing humming and whistling sound in his ears, and it got worse.
Of his musical education at this time, nothing definite is known; however, he may have picked up the rudiments of string playing from his father, and no doubt he attended the Georgen Church, where Johann Christoph Bach was organist until 1703. This Christoph had been a pupil of the influential keyboard composer, Johann Pachelbel and he apparently gave Johann Sebastian his first formal keyboard lessons. The young Bach again did well at school, until in 1700 his voice secured him a place in a select choir of poor boys at the school at the Michaels Church, Luneburg. He seems to have returned to Thuringia in the late summer of 1702. By this time he was already a reasonably proficient organist.
In 1905, Stravinsky graduated from the St. Petersburg University. In the meantime, he continued his studies with Rimsky. The next year, his mind still not made up about becoming a professional musician, he married his second cousin, Catherine Nossenko. Stravinsky’s Symphony in E Flat Major (1905-1907) was his first piece picked by Rimsky to be performed in private and public concerts in St. Petersburg. His last composition approved by Rimsky was Fireworks (1908).
Symphony No. 4 in F Minor by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky CHAPTER 1 BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION 1 CHAPTER 2 SYMPHONY IN F MINOR: PERSONAL LISTENING 4 CHAPTER 3 SYMPHONY IN F MINOR: GENERAL INFO AND DISCUSSION 6 FIRST MOVEMENT 6 SECOND MOVEMENT 7 THIRD MOVEMENT 8 FOURTH MOVEMENT 8 OVERALL EFFECT 9 WORKS CITED 11 CHAPTER BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was born in Votkinsk, the Viatka District in Russia on May 7, 1840 to a Russian miner and a mother of French origin. During his early life, Tchaikovsky did receive some musical training from a French governess in the form of piano lessons, but the training did not continue. As a young child, Tchaikovsky's family moved to St. Petersburg because his father had been given the position of a government mining official there. In St. Petersburg, he was sent to school to study the law and prepare for a career there, but he continued his musical training in his own time.
These and some other productions of his early youth later repudiated and destroyed. When he was fifteen Elector Maximilian whose assistant court organist he had in the meantime become unable young Beethoven to visit Vienna. At the age of 17 Beethoven mad e his first trip to Vienna but upon learning his mother was gravely ill he immediately returned home. It was not until five years later that he again traveled to Vienna, this time making it his him. In Vienna Beethoven studied under another classical music's great composers Hadyn, as well as Schenk, Albrechtsbeger and Salieri.
“There is music in the air, music all around us, the world is full of it and you simply take as much as you require”-Sir Edward Elgar. Elgar was one of the 19th century’s most famous composers. He devoted his life to writing musical pieces such as Enigma Variations, The Dream of Gerontius, and the Pomp and Circumstance Marches. Certain personality aspects of Elgar, such as his wit and creative humor, are found in his music and set him apart from the other composers of his time. Elgar was born in the small village Lower Broadheath England to a music dealer.
Although Claude Debussy was an amazing orchestral composer, his works seemed to agree most with the piano. Today, one of the most known pieces of piano repertoire is the piano suite, Claire de Lune. Many composers started to become inspired by Debussy and thus The Impressionist Era was born. In the later years to come Debussy would have never guessed his music would be so powerful and destructive. In 1876 unrest soon came to France, and ironically held in the middle was Impressionism.
Liszt was a pianist who played a piece one time and then he “began to transpose simple passages into octaves and thirds, trills into sixths and to add phrases on his own until, in Brorodin’s words, what emerged ‘was not the same piece but an improvisation of it’” (Perenyi 205). Three of Franz Liszt’s most famous and important compositions are Un Sospiro, Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2 and his absolute most famous composition named Sonata in B Major. Liszt’s music was inspired by Hungarian and gypsy music, the spirit of the romantic era and liked improvisation. He was a romantic composer who was experimental and who liked challenges and was therefore also a composer not everyone agreed with.
In 1854 his piano lessons with Herke stopped and he has yet to learn harmony or composition and entered Preobrazhensky Regiment of Guards upon leaving Cadet School of Guards (Sadie, 1980). Mussorgsky was not born into a music family as Mozart and Beethoven have been, but he displayed talent in piano playing, and because he did not receive proper education for techniques causing his works to appear amateurish and; his compositions are mainly influenced by various different composers, such as Liszt, Schumann and Meyerbeer. When he was eighteen years old, Dargomyzhshy introduced him to Cui and Balakirev, and became associated with Vladimir Stasov. Being associationed with musical figures inspired him to become a professional composer. Mussorgsky became familiar with the works of Schumann and Beethoven, and analyzed and played their work.