Could you imagine being the reason why space travel is as magnificent as it is today? Robert Goddard is the wonderful man behind all of this. Many people were so surprised when he announced that the first rocket fueled with liquid oxygen and gasoline was built and ready to launch! On March 16, 1926 in Auburn, Massachusetts on Goddard’s aunts’ farm, many witnessed the first ever working rocket to launch into space. The rocket traveled for two point five seconds going about sixty miles per hour and soaring forty-one feet in the air then landed one hundred eighty-four feet away.
Not happy with that, President Eisenhower demanded that the Navy launch an American satellite as soon as possible. On December 6, 1957, the U.S. attempted to launch the Vanguard TV3. Unfortunately, two seconds after liftoff, the rocket fell back and exploded. Th... ... middle of paper ... ...nd exchanged gifts. The space race had a great historical significance for the U.S. and the whole world.
The next mission was titled Galileo Millennium Mission which lasted till 2001. Europa and Io are the two main focuses of this mission but there were also studies done on the effect Jupiter’s radiation was having on the spacecraft. Unfortunately, Galileo began to run out of the fuel it needed to fine-tune its orbit and continue to have its antenna pointed the correct way to earth. Rather than taking the risk of losing control of the space craft and having it crash into the moon Europa, contaminating it, they decided to have it crash into Jupiter’s atmosphere in September of 2003.
The moon and the outer planets of our solar system have now become an obsession with not only the science community, but with a lot of ordinary folks as well. In order to satisfy this obsession, ways had to be found in order to get to these distant objects. The world we live on is small compared to the surrounding planets and universe but it is large compared to the complexities of ways to leave its ... ... middle of paper ... ..., the commander will create a steeper angle of descent to minus 20 degrees (almost seven times steeper than the descent of a commercial airliner) (http://science.howstuffworks.com)”. This is only a small glimpse of what goes on before and after the lift off of the space shuttle. Details of micro gravity during the orbital maneuver and the interaction of the crew during its mission can add volumes to this report alone.
Some were surprised when he announced his support for NASA, because of Kennedy's record of criticizing the US's space program during his candidacy. His support for the space was backed up with his claim that a moon landing would be beneficial to national security, and would focus national resources elsewhere. On September 12 of 1962, This was verbalized in his well-known “We choose to go to the Moon” speech, at Rice University stadium. The spot where he gave the speech would soon be very close to Johnson Space center. Years later, after multitudes of tests and the Apollo 1 fire, NASA began test launches of the famous Saturn V rocket.
He recently was named one of the 100 most important people of the 20th century by Time magazine4. In 1969, the New York Times even printed a piece acknowledging that Goddard had indeed been correct about thrust working in a vacuum. Robert Goddard's achievements 1,2 * First to explore mathematically the practicality of using rocket propulsion to reach high altitudes and even the moon (1912) * Received first U.S. patent in the idea of a multi-stage rocket (1914) * Proved, by actual test, that a rocket will work in a vacuum (1915)
Satellite technology has advanced dramatically since the launching of the first artificial satellite, Sputnik, in 1957. There are hundreds of satellites orbiting Earth right now, launched and funded by many different nations (the US included). They are used for things like GPS or cellular communication, but also for measuring different aspects of our planet. Satellites’ ability to see into different sections of the light spectrum enable them to collect data better and more efficiently than ever before. Although we may not think about them in our everyday lives, the data that satellites provide us with it vital in understanding Earth and monitoring its change.
In 1903, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky proved mathematically that it was possible to launch a spacecraft into space using liquid fuels. After that, many people began working on ways to accomplish what Tsiolkovsky proved mathematically. Twelve years later, in 1915, Robert Goddard established that it was possible to send a rocket to the moon. In 1926, Goddard took a big step by launching the first liquid-fuel rocket. The Soviets took the first huge step in space by launching the first satellite, Sputnik 1 into space in 1957.
This was what started the space race between the United States and Russia. This event startled the world by giving the impression that America was behind the Soviets in science and technology. The Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo programs would follow in rapid sequences as the American space program raced to catch up with the Soviets. In 1969, the race essenti... ... middle of paper ... ...with the proper equipment and there are other planets outside the earth and what their atmospheres consist of. The Soviet Union learned that it is possible for the sun to power an object (solar power) and the missiles that help launch the satellites can be used as military weapons that can be guided.
The "space race" between the Soviet Union and the United States was on. But our first attempts at catching up ended in massive failures; most ending in explosions. NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) was created in 1958 to bring competing military space programs into a single, huge effort. Before long, they developed the rockets, built the space capsules and satellites and hired people to become s... ... middle of paper ... ...ated. The theory was that a planet, or object, the size of Mars crashed with the planet Earth, and the debris from the crash grew together to make the moon.