Samuel P Huntington Democracy's Third Wave Summary

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In “Democracy’s Third Wave”, Samuel P. Huntington examines the creation of democracies during the third wave and questions whether they were part of a continuing “global democratic revolution” or simply a limited expansion only meant for countries that had already experienced democracy (Huntington, 1991). He does this through research based empirical study by tracing the series of events leading to democratization. There are both quantitative (in regards to economic growth and the amount/percentage of countries that democratized during all three waves) and qualitative (through historical evidence in regards to snowballing) research methods. Huntington’s examination is based on having democratization as his dependent variable and his five factors,…show more content…
This is also important in regards to the second strength in his argument. Historically speaking, a theocracy usually is not democratic and will more often than not stop being a theocracy when actual democracy becomes the norm. Perfect examples of this are: the Papal States pre-Italian unification, currently the Islamic Republic of Iran, England pre-glorious revolution, Spain during the reign of Isabel and Ferdinand, Pakistan currently, and the list goes on. These examples make Huntington’s argument more compelling, they show that, almost always, in order for a country to become democratic it must make church and state two separate entities. This is because theocracies usually are ruled in a way that closely resembles a monarchy, those in power are not elected; power is given to them. However, Huntington’s argument has some weaknesses as well. The biggest one being his black and white view of democracy, most importantly his two-turnover test. Here he explains that if a country remains a democracy after two turnovers of power then it is successfully considered a democracy. This is clearly an oversimplification of what being democratic means. By this definition Iraq would

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