With the Edict of Milan, he made Christianity the major religion of the empire and began a time of amazing growth for the faith. He made many gifts of land and money to build churches and support the leaders of the church. With his support of the Council of Nicea, he helped to define what Christians believed. Because of Constantine, Christianity became the major religion of the Roman Empire and of western civilization. He also moved the permanent capital of the empire from Rome to Constantinople, had many military victories that made the empire stronger, and had sons to follow him as emperor that could help keep the empire stable.
Politically, the emperor's were aided and impaired. The support of the papacy was useful in the coronation of emperors and the influence over the common people. On the counter-side, the papal monarchy offered competition for power. Christianity was always present in the Middle Ages, and it changed concepts and faith for all.
Fulcher begins his account with a prologue that states how blessed the journeymen of the Crusades were to take up such a conquest. He follows this by speaking on the Council of Clermont. Fulcher describes Pope Urban II and what he heard was happening to the Christians in the east. What comes next in Flucher's writing is a long speech, allegedly quoted from Urban II himself. In the speech, Urban first lectures his fellow clergymen regarding problems in the church, saying that they should "set [themselves] right before [they] do others"1 Fulcher, 51.
It was not hard to convince most people to become crusaders and many documents throughout history can show one exactly why this was. Due to the fact that Roman church figures were very good at convincing people of what God wanted, people were easily persuaded by their love for God, hate for infidels as well as heretics, and need to feel noble which convinced them to become crusaders. After the fall of the Roman Empire during the 5th century, the Christian church became very powerful. It owned vast regions of land and played an important role in the economy. The church became so powerful “that the western church announced its independence from secular rulers and it’s power over them, and it established authority over rulers and commoners alike (Wiesner 172).” People who were not faithful to the Christian church or simply did not believe its people should have that much power were very upset with this shift in authority.
Hence, under the reign of Constantine the Great, Christianity became an important religion in Rome, and it also grew to became an influential religion in Europe and the Western countries. There were many changes that were noticed in Constantine’s rule after his conversion to Christianity. Also, the experiences of his non-christian counter parts describe the strength of the Christianity as a religion and how it influenced the subjects in Constantine’s time. The battle at Milia Bridge was an important and significant turning point in the history of Christianity as a religion because this is when Constantine becomes devoted to the religion. Constantine and Cicinnus were two men beloved to God and hence, God proved their ally and helped them defeat their foes (Eusebius, 359).
The Italian Renaissance was the start of a strongly religious, cultural and artistic revolution throughout Western history, which was dominated by the catholic church. The church was seen as the highest authority due to the fact that they were literate and well educated, and seen as a safe haven to seek refuge from hell, gods punishment, and the plagues. Although the church was the heart of life during the Renaissance, it all began to change, as seen through artists such as Michelangelo's painting in the Sistine chapel. Popes who are in power through association with the church were taking money from the poor and uneducated. The impact of the Roman Catholic Church on the Italian renaissance society such as art, political figures and authority over the empire, contrast with the morals of society today.
This adoption of Christianity took form and eventually became the Catholic church.The church became intermingled with politics and became a strong entity. The policies delivered from the church had more authority than the local rulers and magistrates of the developing feudal system. For example, St. Augustine wrote about war and what justified its enactment against fellow men. This policy was followed and adhered to for hundreds of years after St. Augustine wrote it. Another example, is the use of the Bible as a guideline for establishing governing systems.
At each point, it benefited the Emperor and the Bishop to have a mutually advantageous relationship, which most often resulted in the strengthening of the Bishop’s position. There are many factors which contributed to the Bishop of Rome becoming the Pope, but there are two factors which can be seen to have directly strengthened the position of the Bishop of Rome. These two factors are the conversion of the Roman Emperor Constantine to Christianity and his subsequent need to prove his legitimacy as a ruler, and the quarrel between Pope Boniface VIII and the Frankish King Phillip the Fair. These two instances occurred in very different political situations, and yet they both had the effect of intensifying the authority of the Bishop of Rome. Papal primacy is an undisputed fact in the Western Catholic Church today.
Christianity is the absolute most influential idea in today’s society. What individuals perceive as right and wrong is actually based on Christianity. So by using religion in his letter, King was able to connect and force the clergymen to engage in his words. Overall, “Letter to Birmingham Jail” is very convincing in justifying the civil disobedience and morals dealing with the civil rights. Moreover, King’s response was strong and, without a doubt, proved his commitment to civil rights.
The Church implemented social systems and ultimately led was the light that the people wanted to follow. In turn, the political leaders recognized the power of the Church and despite the secularism of Spain and France; they were able to incorporate the Roman Catholic Church in their rule The Holy Roman Empire was an example of an Empire was the Church was the political system, and therefore the political influence in this region is evident. Even though religion was not always directly correlated to medieval politics, Catholicism had a large impact on the politics of the government in Spain, France, and the Holy Roman Empire, by supporting moral laws within society, and creating a social hierarchy of clergy. The influence of the Church during this time cannot be overlooked because it ultimately shaped an entire Empire and led to the ideals we have today.