Sociological Theory from Durkheim to Weber and Mead and Hall
Durkheim, Marx, Weber, Mead, Stuart Hall
1) According to Durkheim, what produces anomie in society? (10)
Durkheim focuses on the stability of society, and discusses the social causes of suicide. His work shows how ideology contributes to stability, and he describes abnormal conditions as anomie. Durkheim states, "in normal conditions the collective order is regarded as just by the great majority of persons …[b]ut when society is disturbed by some painful crisis or by beneficent but abrupt transitions, it is momentarily incapable of exercising this influence [of limiting desires]"
What this means, is the dysfunctional and unbalanced state the populous mass has when there is rapid change in society, for better of worse. Anomie is the product of transition that leads to the incapability to know what is 'right' and what is 'wrong'. This is the consequence of the people's solidarity in society, which suggests that laws benefit everyone to the same degree. Thus, the loss of laws, which is also the loss of limits, causes a loss of comprehension. Anomie, in its literal sense means "a lack of norms", a condition in which society has when society has no norms.
Durkheim refers directly to a state of economic turmoil, which he describes as "juridical and moral anomie in which economic life is actually found" . Juridical and moral anomie is describing the state a society has when there is an absence of laws, or a confusion of laws (juridical), and when the masses feel they have a lack of norms in terms of morality (moral). In order to understand Durkheim, one needs to assert the fact...
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...rm to express individuality as an "I", affects the "me", and the collective representation through interaction. As Mead suggests that interaction cause one to re-create the patterns of society. As raising a child can have different effects on the child depending upon the method used to raise him. Many roads can be chosen, and they all lead to a different place.
Mead's emphasis on individuality is due to his distinction that implies the "me" as the self seen in society, the "I" as a spontaneous, improvisatory and the self, and the self as an object.
Thus, Durkheim believes that individual interaction leads to wide spread notions of collective representations, and the morality of jokes and that society is inherently good, and Mead suggested that one is made of three, and these components interact to provide common social understanding