Winslow Homer was late 19th and early 20th century American painter and printmaker. Homer worked in lithography, printmaking, oil, watercolors and several other media. He is most regarded today for his work in landscapes and marine subjects. A lot of his early work focused on rural life in his native New England. This is evident in one of his famous genre paintings currently on display in the St. Louis Art Museum titled The Country School.
Instead, Cézanne, who began his career as an impressionist, felt that he could communicate the intensity of his personal sensation through his painted observations of nature. He repeatedly turned to traditional artistic subjects, such as landscapes, still lifes, and nude bathers. However, his r... ... middle of paper ... ...m, used more decorative shapes, stencilling, collage, and brighter colors. It was then that artists such as Picasso and Braque started to use pieces of cut-up newspaper in their paintings. An early 20th-century school of painting and sculpture in which the subject matter is portrayed by geometric forms without realistic detail, stressing abstract form at the expense of other pictorial elements largely by use of intersecting often transparent cubes and cones.
But his life wasn’t fruitless, he helped lead the first school of landscape called the Hudson River School into the making; were many more leading artists came. Thomas Dougherty, Asher Brown Durand, Albert Bierstadt, and others came from the Hudson River School and they all became romantic realists and painted about the American country sides. These realists joined detail panoramic images with moral insights, which ... ... middle of paper ... ...ce with some trees shot out on the nearside of the painting. The image is painted as if the viewers are taken in a moment of time. The artist can’t be seen at a first glance because he is greatly tiny in the picture, but he is in the image.
American landscape painting was founded primarily by European artists like Thomas Birch, Francis Guy, William Groombridge and Joshua Shaw, who came to America to escape the “background of political turbulence” in Europe that was the result of the Napoleonic Wars (Wilmerding 40). The most famous and influential of this first group of painters was Thomas Cole. Although Cole’s influences included European artists like Turner, Poussin, Claude, and Salvator Rosa, he came to create a style of landscape painting that, despite its indebtedness to artists like these, was distinctly America in flavor. It was he who “particularly came to articulate a national consciousness through his paintings, which we now recognize as the beginning of America’s first major landscape style” (Wilmerding 40). With Cole, landscape painting took on a stature in America like that which history painting traditionally possessed in Europe.
The subversive importance of impressionists’ arts has been discussed in various art analyses by many scholars. Ralph Blakelock, one of the most prominent impressionists, was born in New York on 1847. Having undergone formal education, Blakelock taught himself artistry, with more interest in landscape views. He, particularly, concentrated on the selective landscape views that he encountered in his journeys across America and India. One of his most sought after painting is Moonlight.
The Hudson River School The Hudson River school represents the first native genre of distinctly American art. The school began to produce art works in the early 1820s; comprised of a group of loosely organized painters who took as their subject the unique naturalness of the undeveloped American continent, starting with the Hudson River region in New York, but eventually extending through space and time all the way to California and the 1870s. During the period, that the school’s artists were active (c. 1820-1870) the nation was in the process of undergoing momentous political, social, and economic change. The works that the Hudson River School painters comprised reflected the changes that were taking place across the continent as well as the self-conceptualization taking place in an ever developing and ever changing America. Many consider Thomas Cole to be the father of the Hudson River School because of an exhibition he had organized in New York City.
The Romantic period began in the late... ... middle of paper ... ...ommon trait during the Impressionist movement, which Turner had done in the Romantic period. The techniques made these paintings easy to compare, but these paintings differentiated in what they stood for in their own time. The Romantic period was a product of heroes, particularly in war and history, making Turner's piece particularly important, because it recorded an important moment in history. The Impressionist movement was representing artists' perception of what they felt in a given moment of a painting. Though these works are similar in technique, the periods they each came from hold dissimilar ideals.
He used bold brush techniques while painting his subjects. His painting Le dejeuner sur l’herbe in 1863 drew a lot of attention. Manet did not gain recognition until late in life, when his portraits became much sought after. http://www.renoirinc.com/biography/artists/manet.htm Manet preferred to paint the people and places he knew best. His first and second wife frequently served as models.
Art Trends In The 1920's The art of the 20th century contained many elements previous styles that had begun in the late 19th century. The Impressionists had abandoned the appearance of nature to concentrate on color and its relation to the quality of light. (Collier's Encyclopedia, 745) This was then abandoned for a kind expressionism, a personal and subjective style created. A number of outstanding 20th century artists working outside the many movements of art created works of great individuality. (Collier's Encyclopedia, 745) Some major trends of the art in the 1920's were Impressionism, Art Deco, Cubism, Abstract Art, and Realism.
Around the end of the 19th century, many modern artists in the west began stylizing their work based on the art and cultures of foreign countries. It was an era when modern artists like Paul Gauguin and Emil Nolde studied primitive cultures and created works that utilized styles and compositions not seen before in western art circles. Abigail Solomon-Godeau and Jill Lloyd focused their articles on how Paul Gauguin and Emil Nolde used their knowledge of the countries they researched, to create indigenous inspired paintings. The articles focused on how each artist used primitive paintings to express their impressions and experiences within the countries they explored. Relating primitive cultures to their western counterparts, Abigail Solomon-Godeau discusses how Gauguin uses his experiences, and created artworks to capture mythological speeches within his art.