During the middle of the fifteenth century, the Renaissance movement expanded from its birth place Italy to throughout most of Europe. The word Renaissance means “rebirth” and the movement was a rebirth in the art, music, architecture, science, drama, and literature of the ancient Greek and Roman classic works. Many of the famous artists, philosophers, and writers stated to allow themselves to discover and experiment new ideas, which led to the start of the humanism. In 1660, after twenty years of the English Civil War and Puritan dictatorship, England became stable when the return of Charles II took back the throne of England and re-establish the Church of England (Holt Literature 531). The monarchy of Charles II started the Restoration Period, which reopened the theaters of England and literacy expanded for the middle class and the poor. According to the “History of the Times” in Holt Literature textbook, during the Glorious Revolution of 1688 that enabled William and Mary to obtain the throne of England, Parliament became powerful and started the movement of the Enlightenment (Holt 531). The Enlightenment movement flourished throughout Europe and the Western World. As the dictionary reference website states, the Enlightenment was an intellectual movement that constructed the power of human reason, a keep interest in science, the promotion of religious toleration, and create new system of governments free of tyranny (dictionary.com). The neoclassical belief in reasoning and its admiration for order and tradition, people needed to find new approaches of feeling, thinking, and responding to change which led to the beginning of the Romanticism Era. As for today, we should accept the Romanticism themes and principles because of how ...
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