It was partly a revolt against aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature, and was embodied most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literature. It is one of the curiosities of literary history that the strongholds of the Romantic Movement were England and Germany, not the countries of the romance languages themselves. Thus it is from the historians of English and German literature that we inherit the convenient set of terminal dates for the Romantic period, beginning in 1798, the year of the first edition of Lyrical Ballads by Wordsworth and Coleridge and of the composition of Hymns to the Night by Novalis, and ending in 1832, the y... ... middle of paper ... ...fficulty of this problem in his seminal article "On The Discrimination of Romanticisms;" some scholars see romanticism as completely continuous with the present, some see it as the inaugural moment of modernity, some see it as the beginning of a tradition of resistance to the Enlightenment, and still others date it firmly to the direct aftermath of the French Revolution. Romanticism is often understood as a set of new cultural and aesthetic values. It might be taken to include the rise of individualism, as seen by the cult of the artistic genius that was a prominent feature in the Romantic worship of Shakespeare and in the poetry of Wordsworth, to take only two examples; a new emphasis on common language and the depiction of apparently everyday experiences; and experimentation with new, non-classical artistic forms.
51-64. Watson, J.R. English Poetry of the Romantic Period. New York: Longman, Inc. 1985. Wordsworth, William. “The Ruined Cottage.” The Norton Anthology of English Literature: The Romantic Period.
Romantics had a heightened look into the inside of a person looking into the imagination as a means to transcend experience and spiritual truth. The first phase of Romanticism in English literature began in 1790 with the Lyrical Ballads of William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Romantic Literature in Germany began with the innovations in the content and style of literature and an obsession with the mystical and supernatural. The second phase of Romantic thought in literature was marked by a the emergence of cultural nationalism and attention to national origin. The new appreciation of history led to the creation of historical novels which are thought to be invented by Sir Walter Scott.
The paintings are so profound that they allow the viewer to learn, develop, and acknowledge new aspects of life. The beginning of the Romantic era marked the birth of creative activities and aesthetic behaviors. Romanticism allows an artist to be creative, original, and authentic. Romantics view the world as more prejudiced and less balanced than others, including Neo-Classicists. What sets Romanticism apart from Neo-Classicism is the standards for Romantic artists were based on their own responsiveness while Neo-Classical artists aimed on portraying the orthodox values.
Characteristics of Romantic Literature: • Individualism The writers of the romantic era gave great im... ... middle of paper ... ...ical upheavals, the writers of the romantic era were also revolutionary and rebellious in nature. They believed in experimentation and refused to confine themselves within the bondage of rules. Romanticism in English Poetry (1798 to 1832) The romantic era, with regards to English Poetry, is considered to have started in 1798 with the publication of ‘Lyrical Ballads’ of Wordsworth and Coleridge. William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, John Keats, Percy Bysche Shelley and Lord Byron are the important Romantic poets. The characteristics of romantic literature as described above are reflected in the works of these poets, who were near contemporaries.
Alfred Lord Tennyson was not called a romantic poet in his homeland of England, but his work contained aspects of romantic literature. Highlighting these aspects of romanticism in Tennyson’s work is difficult without first defining romanticism and identifying its underlying principles. According to Webster’s Dictionary romanticism is “a literary, artistic, and philosophical movement originating in the 18th century, characterized chiefly by a reaction against neoclassicism and an emphasis on the imagination and emotions.” Neoclassicism was the artistic form used prior to the romantic period that focused on an acceptance of the established forms of religion and an emphasis on style similar to the ancient Greek and Roman poetry. Religion was not the only establishment upheld in classical or neoclassical writing; social and gender roles acceptable to their time era were also upheld. Romanticism, rather than blindly accept these establishments, questioned them through deep emotions and great imagination.
Romanticism: Style and civilization. London: Allen Lane, 1979. Byatt, A.S. Unruly Times: Wordsworth and Coleridge in their Time. Great Britain: Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd, 1970 Schama, Simon. A History of Britain III:1776-2000, The Fate of Empire.
Romanticism was preceded by related developments in the med-18th century referred to as “Pre-Romanticism”. One Pre-Romantic style was medieval romance, which is where Romanticism gets its name from. The medieval romance was a tale that emphasized the exotic, the mysterious, and individual heroism. This style contrasted the then prevalent classical forms of literature such as the French Neoclassical Tragedy. But this new emotional literary expression would be a key part of literature during the Romantic Era (Britannica).
However, the Romantics thought differently because they that, that romanticism was an artistic and intellectual movement originating in Europe in the late 18th century and characterized by a heightened interest in nature, emphasis on the individual's expression of emotion and imagination, departure from the attitudes and forms of classicism, and rebellion against established social rules and conventions. The Romantics felt all the opinions of the Enlightment were fraught with dangerous errors and oversimplification. Romanticism may then be considered as a critique of the inadequacies of what it held to be Enlightened thought. The d... ... middle of paper ... ...n different yet similar things. For example, nature was one of the similarities of both eras they had marked the world in believing that nature is something that will keep you clam and feel safe like all writers at the time believed in.
Romantic Virtuosity As the many socio-political revolutions of the late eighteenth-century established new social orders and new ways of life and thought; composers of the time period broke new musical ground by adding a new emotional depth to the prevailing classical forms. This period is known as the Romantic period. It accured approximately from 1820 to 1920. Artists became intent in expressing their subjective, personal emotions. "Romanticism" derives its name from the romances of medieval times -- long poems telling stories of heroes and chivalry, of distant lands and far away places, and often of unattainable love.