Roman Geography Essay

1385 Words6 Pages
When we take a look at why civilizations rise when others fall, the ancient civilization of the Roman Empire stands out as notable, if not particular. Ancient Rome remains one of the most prestigious empires in history due to its geography, specifically how the country of Italy was protected from invaders, the benefit of the Italian land, the civilization being at the center of trade and the diversity of the empire’s population. That being said, the ancient civilization of the Romans was able to succeed as long as it did due to the empire’s geographical advantage of being in the heart of Italy. Before starting, it is of critical importance that we take an in-depth look at the geography at the heart of the Roman Empire: Italy. The country that…show more content…
It’s at this time that the Roman Republic has experienced a radical change under Augustus (Octavian) Caesar, who ushered in what many historians call the Pax Romana, or Roman Peace. Described as a “time of peace and prosperity hitherto unknown… that would last for over the 200 years” (Mark), the Pax Romana is vital to understanding how geography influenced the now Roman Empire because we see the empire at the height of its power in western civilization. With the Roman Empire, there are four primary means by which the Romans benefitted from Italy’s geography: 1.) Protection from invasion, 2.) Fertile Land, 3.) Center of Trade, and 4.) Diversity of the…show more content…
Geography, more so the place, of the empire has developed into an important factor in the success of the Romans because history shows us how they were capable of using geography to their benefit and survival. Globalization, similarly, was as much as factor to the Romans due to the spread of the empire itself (see the above figure). Geography in the case of the Roman Empire has shown me how necessary geography is when it comes to survival. If the Romans had not used expertly used geography in the building of the empire, we might not be talking about the success of the Romans, rather their failure. What really surprised me about the factor that geography played with the Roman Empire was how the Romans almost lucked into their so-called success. For instance, if the Alps were not located in at the Northern edge of Italy, thus protecting the Romans from the armies of the Goths and Hannibal, the Romans would have most certainly been destroyed, and their influence in a current perspective would not have as big of a place in our
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