In the Early 19th Century Romanticism, man becoming one with him self and nature, was a reaction against the Enlightenment of the 18th century. With such people as William Wordsworth, William Blake and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe fueled romanticism with their writings and poems. William Wordsworth, for example, wrote many poems about nature and his beliefs on how life and nature are closely related to one another.
The Etruscans were a very sophisticated people who controlled land roughly from Cumae (on the northern end of the Bay of Naples) to the Po River. They had great artistic skills and were skilled traders. Eventually, the Etruscans expanded their influence southward and conquered the Romans.
The roman army was basically a refuge for poor people. A soldier could earn around 300 denarii a year. The army would keep some of the money for food, pensions, and for equipment. If a soldier did serve for twenty five years he was eligible to retire with a pension. While a soldier was serving, he was not allowed to marry, but many had girlfriends in the surrounding cities around the fort. In AD. 197 the rule was lifted allowing soldiers to marry while enlisted. If someone was not a roman citizen, they could earn their citizenship by serving as an auxiliary soldier. The army was divided into thirty legions which were stationed around the empire to protect its borders. The soldiers were not allowed to enter Rome itself except for parades or after a victory. Praetorian guards, the emperor’s personal guards, were only allowed within city limits. The Roman army also served as stonemason who built roads spanning across the empire.
At the time of expansion Rome had well trained armies as never before seen in history, with an organization that still amaze us today “the romans had their particular form or ways of fighting, if we think at the begging of the film Gladiator that’s a perfect representation of how Rome like to fight. Take hours to set up everything in the battle, order and then launched the attack”(Wells, Peter) As Rome kept expanding he gained as much land as it gain enemies . Rome was nervous about the northern people invading what is today Italy so they started having fights with this group of people known as barbarians a word meaning foreign and crude. “Anybody that didn’t follow classical customs, speak classical languages which is Latin or Greek, was consider to be very different. Other barbarian, and Rome simply regarded them as much less capable, much less civilized than themselves” (Wells, Peter). Rome army were proud men ready to protect...
Throughout the history of the Roman Empire, there was a struggle for power between nations and individuals. The foundation myths of Rome and its connection with the god, Mars, influenced its “cultural identity” as a nation of conquerors destined to rule others (Jones, Essay 1). Internal strife, wars between nations, and individuals seeking personal glory shaped Roman government and propelled Rome to new heights of glory.
...fall of Rome because the constant change of the emperors was destructive. Frequent assassinations had damaged the faith of citizens living in ancient Rome as well as members of the Roman army and confused them. With less belief, the government was unable to control their armies unlike when the empire was mighty. Also, since the emperors did not have enough experience to rule over the empire wisely, they made unhealthy decisions which were not advantageous for Rome, such as allowing soldiers to not wear the armors. The weakened army without any armor couldn’t manage the invasions from foreign groups and disasters. The disasters that had to be handled by the government were left alone, causing tremendous death of Roman people. As all reasons we knowledge of are linked to governmental insecurity, the primary reason for the decline of Rome was the political instability.
Throughout its early history Rome constantly came up new innovative ideas have the upper hand over its enemies. The Romans were a determined people that believed that ruling the world was their destiny and after the defeat of its’ greatest rival Carthage, they were now masters of the Mediterranean. Rome would never again be threatened until the empire’s fall hundreds of years later. The Romans would now begin to expand their empire past Italy, and with great success, come to rule the Western world.
“The Romans were a people of genius whose empire dominated the western world for 500 years.”(Pg. 7, Ancient Rome) What made the Romans so powerful was their way of government. It was very similar to the one that we have today, except emperors don’t rule us. The pax romana, or ‘the Roman Peace,’ gave millions of people in Italy and surrounding areas peace. Rome fell when it was invaded by overwhelming tribes and groups of barbarians. Rome was first founded on the legendary date of 735 B.C. The myth of Romulus and Remus was how Rome got its name. The myth was that Mars, god of war, came down to the mortal world and met a human princess. Romulus and Remus were then born shortly after, but abandoned. A She-Wolf nursed them until they were old enough to be on their own. Their dream was to make a beautiful city, and govern it and become powerful. Romulus and Remus had an argument. Which led to a fight to the death. Romulus won, killing his brother Remus. The peoples called his city Rome, after Romulus, who became the founder. Rome’s Symbol is the She-Wolf that nursed Romulus and Remus nursing them. Rome started out as just a group of farmers and Romulus as the emperor. Eventually, the small city-state became larger, and the government stronger, and more sophisticated. In 509 B.C., the Roman Republic was founded. Patricians were the ones who organized the state. Instead of a King, Rome picked 2 magistrates, or consuls, to rule Rome. Eventually, the consuls became too powerful, and the plebeians (peoples of Rome) became angry because they wanted rights equal to those of the consuls in ways. In 494 B.C. the plebs revolted. They elected certain members to be called ‘the Tribunes,’ and be their leaders. The plebs wanted the consuls to notice them. Eventually, after a year of rebelling, the 2 consuls let the plebs have the rights they wanted because in the future, Rome would need some of the plebs to become an army for the protection of Rome and the conquering of new territory. Eventually, The 2 consuls’ decisions became useful. Rome started to wage wars with its neighbors, the Aequi, Volsci, Celts, and Samnites. For 250 years, the Romans were almost at war constantly. The Romans either made alliances with their neighbor’s or they conquered them.
In 336 BCE Alexander the Great inherited both the title from his father, Philip of Macedon, as well his father’s policies. Alexander stated that invading Persia was going to be campaign bent on revenge for the invasion that Persia carried out against Greece in 480 BCE; this invasion would be the start of Alexander’s eastern empire. Alexander was taught and educated by Aristotle, at the age of twenty he was ready to assume to role of king. It was at this time that Alexander created the Hellenistic Age; it was during this time that extraordinary kingdoms were formed. These kingdoms, controlled by Greek rule, spread the culture, traditions, and ideals of the Greeks; however, these kingdoms changed the political world of the Greeks forever.
From about 50 BCE to the year 200 CE, the Roman Empire was a powerful nation. Rome was the city that became the center of the Roman Empire and by 200 BCE Rome became a powerhouse. The Romans conquered Scotland to Spain, controlled the Mediterranean Sea, and established colonies in North Africa, the Middle East, and Asia Minor. By the year 44 BCE Julius Caesar became a Roman Emperor and Rome had a great military. Then around the 5th century CE the Roman Empire began to weaken. The primary reasons for the fall of Rome was because of the Roman Emperors, the Roman Army, and foreign invasion.
There are so many powerful countries and governments today, but have you ever wondered what were the most powerful ancient empires and what happened to them over the years. The Roman Empire was at once a very flourishing and thriving place to live, but then all of a sudden it began to fall and decline until it was a weak and vulnerable empire. Historians debate the issue of why it declined and eventually fell. They ask themselves the question, what are the main reasons for the fall of Rome? The main reasons for the fall of Rome were their military struggles, political problems, and the disasters they encountered during that time period.
One of the reasons was foreign invasions. The fall of Rome is like the domino effect. The domino effect cis when you place dominoes on their sides, next to each other, then purposefully knocking down its neighbor. This creates a chain and all of the dominoes fall one after the other. For the fall of Rome, it was the Huns invading from the east that caused this effect, they invaded the Goths, who
The Roman Empire lasted for 500 years from the rise of Julius Caesar when he was named dictator for life by the Roman senate, to the last Roman emperor in AD 476. It controlled a vast amount of land surrounding the Mediterranean Sea, including northern Africa, western Asia and southern Europe. The society was prosperous, but as the empire continued to expand, citizens and subjects were faced with many elements that lead to the fall of the Roman Empire; which ceased to exist because of inconsistent leadership, poor military decisions and its sheer geographical size.
Rome’s military: the source of all of their power and land, as the armed forces had conquered much of Europe, North Africa, and Asia Minor. But, for some reason, it became one of the smallest and weakest. This is asked by many, but can easily be solved. One reason that illustrates the armed forces sluggishness is in Concerning Military Matters by Vegetius, stating that, “when, because of negligence and laziness, parade ground drills were abandoned, the… armor began to seem heavy… they asked the emperor to set aside the breastplates… and… the helmets… fought the