The community era of policing is based on problem-solving and conflict resolutions. This is needed with the changing demographics, building rapport and trust with individuals is now more important than ever. There is no longer a one-size model, policing now takes a multi-dimensional approach. The political and reform models are not ideal for demographic changes because in the political era police were observed to have abused individuals who were not part of the community. In the reform era, public accusations against police for brutality were large in number.
In community policing, officers need to work with citizens to put a clamp on crime. In the past officers have tried to solve all the community issues on their own (Ortmeier, 2006). However, it came to be that officers who are essential to the citizens, was also vice versa. With community policing, it focuses on relationships of trust, with cooperation between both. The theme of community policing is that the law enforcement can be more attentive, proactive, and community sensitive (Greene, 2000).
There are several initiatives that the Cincinnati Police Department (CPD) is engaged in that are related to community crime prevention. Social development is a key feature of these initiatives. CPD prides itself in using problem-solving approaches when combatting crime, and is heavily involved in youth engagement. The Police Chief has placed emphasis on targeting at-risk youth and bridging the gap between youth and police. The Chief also stresses the importance of a working relationship with community citizens as well as with businesses and city departments.
Additionally the community can evaluate problems and come up with solutions and implement the services that are genuinely community based. The C.O.P. encompasses a variety of policing strategies involving the community such as neighborhood policing, problem solving and community policing (American Law legal Information, 2014). It is focused around the ideology that the police are not limited to the powers of traditional law enforcement in carrying out their duties, and should particularly draw on other inputs such as community policing to control and prevent problems arising from crimes (Oliver, 2007). This requires the effort of the police to build trust and consciously make an effort to create an environment in which community willingly and actively co-operate with the police partners.
Under community policing, police agencies are expected not only to cooperate with citizens and communities but also to actively solicit input and participation. The exact nature of this participation can and should vary from community to community and from situation to situation in keeping with the problem-oriented approach. As a general rule, though, police should avoid claiming that they alone can handle crime, drug, or disorder problems, and they should encourage individual citizens and community groups to shoulder some responsibility for dealing with such problems. Police have sometimes found it necessary to engage in community organizing as a means of accomplishing any degree of citizen participation in problem solving or crime prevention. In disorganized and transient neighborhoods, residents are often so distressed, fearful, and suspicious of each other (or just so unfamiliar with their neighbors) that police have literally had to set about creating a sense of community where none previously existed.
But first the organization needs to be transformed into collectivist, non-patriarchal, and non-hierarchical organizations (Corsianos, 2011). Because teamwork needs to be promoted throughout community policing organizations, the organization must clear their head of identifiers for people. The organization must treat everyone equally, some the identifiers that separate people would be race, gender, beliefs and also sexual orientation (Corsianos, 2011). When you do not have this divide between the police officers and within the administration, this allows for police accountability. Once that problem has been over came, then the agency can focus upon team work with their community to help solve crimes along with getting focused on other community concerns (Corsianos, 2011).
Police officer normally works with community as a team and addresses any problems; they find a solution to that problem. In 21st century the police officer was required to work closely with communities to make sure maintain of social order and build relationship in order to effectively fight against crime. However, majority of racial and ethnic groups targets of abusive treatment at the hands of police. As evidence suggested that police officer stereotype residents and treating them unlawfully, some studies stated that police officer verbal and physical abuse and unjustified street stops. (Weitzer, Tuch & shogan
Everyone in the police department should be involved, not just a few units or off... ... middle of paper ... ...believe the main issue for them is police racial and class biases. For this we see an increase in police training, to include diversity classes, implicit bias courses and race relations training. Then we have others who believe that the police need to work with the youth to improve future relationships and to help them become a stronger part of the community. Conversely, police officers may suggest that there are citizens that don’t do their part to make their neighborhoods safe, which takes us back to Sir Robert Peel. Unfortunately, when the police try to empower people to be accountable, and to do their part, the interpretation is that the police are avoiding their responsibility.
This can allow the police to have more resources to focus on other functions of policing like training. Police can improve community involvement with the use of citizen patrols, citizen academies, Neighborhood Watch and educational programs. Self-organization, self-policing, and self-help are all important ways that the community should be encouraged to do which supports the police in community policing and can help reduce crime and improve quality of life (Nicholl, C. G., 1999). Community support includes surveillance, supporting victims and being willing witnesses when crimes do occur (Williams, B. 2005).
Furthermore, Wilson, R., Brown T.H, & Schuster, B. (2009) indicate, “the Neighborhood Watch program has influenced the startup of other residential crime prevention programs such as block watch, apartment watch, citizen alert and community watch.” One of the main problems faced by residents and families of a community is the fear of being victimized and/or hurt by criminals. With this in mind, the goal is to alter the community’s environment and provide a sense of security and deterrence to crime. Several tools may be used to combat and prevent crime such as signs, better lighting, alarm and camera systems that may help accomplish such a task. How is the effectiveness of a neighborhood watch program measured?