The steep declines in the feelings of self-worth among these people are fueled by the dramatic changes that come with the adolescent stage. While there are several strategies and intervention programs to enhance adolescent self-esteem, the most appropriate intervention is the development of a supportive environment.
Because of this almost immediate reaction, it allows for major pitfalls, such as, the saturation of our youth with bad examples of sexual behavior and violence, which can lead to an increasing acceptance of violence in society. Researchers have shown that such behaviors are carried out by mimicking the actions seen and heard on media outlets. Proponents of social media argue of its benefits in providing teens with a supportive environment for people with similar issues. They also argue that social media provides information to teens on medical topics and health concerns. When it comes to social media the bad influences outweigh the good.
These two factors can help form the teen into what he/she wants to be, or whom he/she fears of being. · Social influence and pressure can lead to behaviors like substance abuse, risk taking, and promiscuous sexual activity. Behaviors such as these can prove to be detrimental to the health of the teenager. On the contrary, there is positive peer pressure also, that is conducive to the development of the teen. For example, teen can influence other teens to get involved in community service activities, helping others, or joining a school sports or academic team.
Also researchers have argued that descriptive norms are the most significant indicators risk behaviors (Beal, ... ... middle of paper ... ...dia could lead to negative perceived social norms for adolescents since adolescence is a vital time of identity formation Those assumed norms might have an affect or dictate an individual’s identity during this particular time of self conception. Research has shown that the media may contribute to negatively perceived norms of an adolescent regarding alcohol consumption, relationships, sex and other mature topics that could be negative. Adolescence is the time period when an individual searches and develops a sense of identity. The false social norms that are perceived through media may be a negative influence because adolescent identity is the most susceptible to peer influence. Therefore these false norms can be possibly prevented through education and awareness therefore the youth should be taught the fallacies of the media through MLE (Media Literacy Education).
Ecological theory, with its acknowledgement that individual, familial, community and societal factors interact to increase or decrease the likelihood of child maltreatment, represents the most commonly accepted theory of bullying ( CITE -Daro & McCurdy, 2007). Parental education and support group programs are effective in addressing the risk factors associated with adolescent bullying and violence in the schools. Adolescents can be less vulnerable to this worldwide problem if they are exposed to safety education programs that address decreasing bullying incidents. This social problem is linked to several negative outcomes including impacts on mental health, substance abuse, and suicide. Adolescents who are bullied and those who bully also perform poor in their academics, which can contribute to violent and risky behaviors in adulthood.
As well as negative peer pressure there is also positive peer pressure, which has an equal amount of effects on adolescents. Peer pressure is a very influential source , negatively and positively, on the teenagers. Peer pressure in teens is caused by a number of factors such as popularity , fitting in and low self-esteem. Teens who have low self-esteem are more susceptible to do things they normally wouldn’t do for a confidence boost. Teens especially just wanna fit in and sometimes teens give into peer pressure to gain
al., 2012). While punishment, reinforcement and corporal punishment all seek to modify behaviour, corporal punishment differs from reinforcement. Positive reinforcement refers to adding something pleasant to the child’s environment in order to encourage a behaviour, while negative reinforcement refers to removing an unpleasant stimulus in order to discourage a behaviour. Negative punishment differs in that it refers to the removal of a positive stimulus. Corporal punishment is a type of positive punishment, which refers to adding an unpleasant stimulus to the chil... ... middle of paper ... ...from their children.
In the empirical article Bound to Feel Bad About Oneself: Relations Between Attachment and the Self-conscious Emotions of Guilt and Shame in Children and Adolescents by Peter Muris, Cor Meesters et. al. (2014) discusses the correlation between shame vs. guilt and the affects it has on children and adolescents. Some of the affected areas that were present in the study are defensive and avoidance behavior, psychopathological behaviors including: anger and aggression, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety disorders, eating problems, personality pathology, suicidal and self-injurious thoughts, and substance abuse. This study is important because it explains why some people have the issues that they develop as an adult; it is
Bullying victims, whether it is... ... middle of paper ... ...h make take their life. Bullying of any sort erodes one’s self-confidence and an individual may become depressed as a result. This depression may then affect their relationships and academics, furthering the problem as the demands of society weigh hard on children and teenagers. As a result, safe havens for at-risk children would be one of the best ways to rebuild their self-confidence and let them know that there are other people out there being bullied and understand what they are going through. The success with similar programs for youths who have been sexually abused, shows that there are group programs out there that have been able to help those who are most at-risk.
Divorce effects on adolescents can become issues in their psychosocial development throughout their teen years and beyond. Knowing the outcomes of divorce on adolescents and people in general is important because these outcomes can leave long-term negative effects on the teenager’s future relationships and individual growth. Humans are social creatures, so having positive social skills, emotional bonds, and relationships with other people are huge roles in teens’ lives. Professionals need to know this knowledge so they can do studies on them and spread their results and information to other people who imp... ... middle of paper ... ...63. doi:10.1007/s00406-006-0641-y Levine, L. E., & Munsch, J. (2014).