Imagery is one of the most powerful tools in any writer’s tool box. Both Robert Frost and Walt Whitman were innovative poets ahead of their time. Whitman had invented “free verse” writing and pioneered naturalistic writing. He also used powerful imagery to depict the norms of everyday life, even in the times of the Civil War (“Vigil Strange I Kept”). Robert Frost used more traditional rhythm and meter, but also used nature to paint a literary picture for his readers to “see” the settings in his poetry and put his readers from the West Coast of America, or across the Atlantic in the United Kingdom, in the beautiful winter scene of New England (“Birches”).
Frost, born in San Francisco on March 26, 1874, lived in California until he turned eleven, and his father died, which compelled his family to move to Lawrence, Massachusetts to live with his paternal grandparents. " Because Frost is so intimately associated with rural New England, one tends to forget that the first landscape printed on his imagination was both urban and Californian. That he came to appreciate, and to see in the imaginative way a poet must see, the imagery of Vermont and New Hampshire has something to do with the anomaly of coming late to it. It's as though he were dropped into the countryside north of Boston from outer space, and remained perpetually stunned by what he saw," Robert Penn Warren observed. "I don't think you can overemphasize that aspect of Frost.
Robert Frost Writes About Nature? When talking about poetry, most people have herd, or been familiar with the name Robert Frost. Even I, who haven 't studied much poetry until now have herd of his name. Robert Frost and his poems had caught my attention when researching poets. Reading his poems automatically made me think of him as a natural poet, because most of them had so much nature involved in them.
From 1897 to 1899 he attended Harvard College as a special student but left before he acquired his degree. For the next ten years he wrote poems, operated a farm in Derry, New Hampshire, and taught at Derry’s Pinkerton Academy. In 1912 he sold his farm and moved to England where he could work on his writings full time. He was an instant success! “A Boy’s Will” was accepted by a London Publisher and a year later so was “North of Boston”.
Another Romantic poet, by the name of Percy Bysshe Shelley, shows great longing for the freedom that nature possesses and the freeing effect it has on him. These poets of the Romantic period look at nature from a higher consciousness called the imagination. William Wordsworth, through many of his poems, expresses the serene beauty contained in nature and its tranquilizing effects on human thoughts. In "Lines Composed a Few Miles from Tintern Abbey", the speaker looks "on nature...to chasten and subdue...the mind" and bring peace to his thoughts. Looking deeply into nature brings the feelings of sublime contentment and new feelings of inspiration that one cannot find in any alternate surrounding.
After his father’s death of tuberculosis in 1885, when young Frost was 11, the family left California and settled in Massachusetts. Frost attended high school there, entered Dartmouth College, but remained less than one semester. Returning to Massachusetts, he taught school and worked in a mill and as a newspaper reporter. A year later he married Elinor White, with whom he had shared valedictorian honors at Lawrence High School. From 1897 to 1899, he attended Harvard College as a special student but left without a degree.
Frost attended Dartmouth College after high school and dropped out after seven weeks. Frost went to work for a newspaper and two years after he got married to Elinor White, Robert enrolled at Harvard. Ultimately, Frost dropped out of Harvard as well, this combined with the need to support a growing family caused Frost to have anxiety and self doubt about himself. Over time, Frost gravitated toward Farming because it allowed him to write and think. In 1900, Frost obtained a farm in Derry, New Hampshire.
Frost was then sent to Dartmouth college by his controlling grandfather, who saw it as the proper place for him to train to become a businessman. Frost read even more in college, and learned that he loved poetry. His poetry had little success getting published, and he had to work various jobs to make a living, such as a shoemaker, a country schoolteacher, and a farmer. In 1912 Frost gave up his teaching job, sold his farm, and moved to England. He received aid from poets suck as Edward Thomas and Rupert Brooke, and published his first two volumes of poetry, A Boy's Will in 1913, and North of Boston in 1914.
His first published poem “La Noche Triste” appears in the Lawrence High School Bulletin in April. In 1894 he published a poem in the independent- “My Butterfly In Eloy”. After accepting an offer to teach he moved his family to Plymouth, England. His first book “ A Boys Will” was published April 1915. In 1924 frost was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for “ A Further Range”.
The English Romantic poets of the 19th Century had a conception about nature that, over a century later, appears in the poetry of today. These poets have had a significant influence on the attitude and vocabulary a contemporary poet uses. Among the contemporary poets, Dana Gioia, in his two poems, "Becoming a Redwood," and "Rough Country," has drawn on the idea of the innocence and untainted part of nature that parallels the Romantic poetry of William Wordsworth and William Blake in their poems "Nutting," and "The Tyger." Also, Gioia has captured the wild-like and untamable demeanor of nature that many English Romantics have similarly captured. Finally, Gioia uses the concept of the sublime in his poetry to the extent that nature becomes dangerous to humans.