Risk Management of Healthcare Associated Risks

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The purpose of this paper is to clearly define Healthcare Associated Infections (HAIs) in the surrounded world. As well as to identify who is at risk, and how people in the healthcare setting can reduce those risks. In addition to how this could save money for the healthcare setting, and prevent deaths from these infections. By providing a better quality of care for patients, and prevent unnecessary contaminations. HAIs or also called Healthcare Associated Infections (HAIs) are produced by viral, bacterial, fungal pathogens, and parasites (Cataldo et al., 2013). It is an infection that did not exist when the patient first came to the hospital. Yet it develops during the course of management for the patient’s original diagnosis. There are also cases where the infection does not develop until days after the patient had been discharged (Collin, 2008). Everyone who receives care in a healthcare setting has the possibility of acquiring an HAI. However like with anything there are certain factors that increase a person’s risk, these factors are intrinsic and extrinsic. The factors are made up of a wide range, because HAIs can affect anyone from a newborn to a person at the end stages of life. Intrinsic risk factors are issues that already existed within the patient. When pertaining to HAIs these include; the person’s age, lifestyle, medication use, and if the person has an acute or chronic illness. A person’s age is a factor because when born a person is relatively immunocompromised, and with age the immune system becomes dysfunctional. If a person is overweight and smokes this can also put them at risk because smoking can interfere with the healing process, and being overweight can make it hard for cleanliness. Lastly medication in... ... middle of paper ... ...3rd ed., Vol. 3, p 1661-1664). Detriot: Gale, Cengage Learning. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX2760400524&v=2.1&u=plysc_main&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w&asid=d1c7ab3fcaaae65791c55cfe42d7cfec Collins, A. S. (2008). Chapter 41- Preventing health care-associated infections. In H. RG (Ed.), Patient safety and quality: An Evidence-based handbook for nurses. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Retrieved from http://www-ncbi-nlm-nih-gov.libproxy.plymouth.edu/books/NBK2683 Giuliano, K. K. , Kleinpell, R. M., Munro C. L. (2008). Chapter 42- Targeting health Care- associated infections: evidence-base strategies. In H. RG (Ed.), Patient safety and quality: An Evidence-based handbook for nurses. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Retrieved from http://wwwncbi-nlm-nih-gov.libproxy.plymouth.ed/books/NBK2632
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