Our paper will attempt to solve the problem of emergency department overcrowding and long waiting times. We propose to first create a flow chart of present operations from the beginning of the emergency department visit to the discharge or admission of the patient. We believe that the process can be analyzed and changed in a way that improvement can be accomplished by improving efficiency and flow of traffic through the emergency department processes. Null Hypothesis Our study attempts to identify a serious problem at a local Los Angeles County Hospital that appears to have plausible solutions. Looking at other similar hospitals throughout the nation and abroad, it appears that restructuring and appropriate panning may help to alleviate long patients’ waits for services.
Medication Errors: Preventative Techniques Medical errors are the eighth-leading cause of death in the United States. Various medical errors contribute to this statistic, but the most common errors in the healthcare setting are medication errors. Medication errors account for 7,000 deaths per year. Many if not all medication errors can be prevented. These errors are often the result of a breakdown in the systematic safety procedures healthcare facilities implement to prevent them.
Website http://www.cdc.gov/homeandrecreationalsafety/falls/fallcost.html Mayo, A., Duncan D., (September 2004). Nurse Perceptions of Medication Errors: What We Need to Know for Patient Safety. Journal of Nursing Care Quality (Vol. 19-3, pp. 209-217).
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The Importance of Quality and Safety: The ideas of quality and safety are vital in the effort to reduce medication errors in hospital pharmacies. Joint Commission reported that 44,000 to 98,000 deaths occur annually as a result of medical errors (Longo, D., Hewitt, J.E., Ge, B., & Shubert, S., 2007). Of these flaws, sixty-seven percent (67%) can be attributed to medication inaccuracies (Kripalani, S., Roumie, C., Dalal, A., & PILL-CVD, 2012). More than half of these issues occur at the interface stage of care and continue during the discharge process (Kripalani, S., Roumie, C., Dalal, A., & PILL-CVD, 2012). On admission to the hospital, a list of the patient’s medications is analyzed and documented to increase quality throughout the consumers stay and safely provide any additional treatment needed.
Doi: 10.2147/RMHP.S12985. Nelson, N. C., Evans, R. S., Samore, M. H., & Gardner, R. M. (2005). Detection and prevention of medication errors using real-time bedside nurse charting. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 12(4), 390-7. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/220821000?accountid=9720 Silfen, E. (2006).
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In another article “Patients ' understanding of medical terminology used in the breast clinic”, we see a similar trend (O’Connell et al., 2013). Terminology is not fully understood; “Two-thirds of patients correctly defined 'Benign ' (66%) and 'Malignant ' (65%). 1 in 5 patients correctly defined 'Chemotherapy ' (20%) and 'Radiotherapy ' (19%)” (O’Connell et al., 2013, para. 1). In the article, “Public understanding of medical terminology: non-English speakers may not receive optimal care”, this dilemma is even worse for non-English speaking patients (Cooke, Wilson, Cox, & Roalfe, 2000).
Educate hospital’s staff on the hospitals disaster management plan and practice scheduled drills and exercises 11. Review the minutes of the hospital’s past emergency or safety management committee meeting 12. Review the hospitals Hazard Vulnerability Analysis for the patients. staff and community Depending on the nature and scope of the disaster, hospitals require a reliable external support and supply line to effectively deal with emergency cases. The preparation can be hampered by a host of vulnerabilities, such as near capacity operation, deficient supply lines and external support and the growing need to reduce costs and focus of service